Standard is a document setting out rules of conduct, rules, patterns, guidelines or characteristics for common and repeated use. Development and implementation of standards is the result of standardization.
The establishment of standards is to ensure order in a given area, such as provision functionality to products and services, removal of barriers to trade, facilitation of scientific and technical cooperation, broadly understood security, dissemination of technological and technical progress, increase in economic efficiency. The standard can also be an attitude in solving conflicts between suppliers and customers, or to create a reference point for contracts.
The use of standards is voluntary (except for the standards of safety).
The provisions of the standards should:
- Be checked for technical accuracy, utility and economy, on the basis of knowledge and scientific data,
- Refer to the current or possible to achieve in the near future the state of knowledge and technology,
- Be verifiable and achievable.
The process of developing standards
- Application and subject evaluation
- Draft standard
- General survey addressed
- Verification of claims
- Acceptance of the standard
- Publication of the standard
International standard organizations
The standard must be approved by authorized bodies and international standards organisations:
- ISO The International Organization for Standardization
- IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
- CEN European Committee for Standardisation (including ECISS - European Committee for Iron and Steel Standardization)
- CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
- ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
- Hallstrom K.T. (2004), Organizing International Standardization: Iso and the Iasc in Quest of Authority, Edward Elgar Pub
Author: Weronika Buczak