Book profit

Book profit is a kind of profit that has not been realized on investment. Book profit happens when the current price of an asset is higher than the purchase price, but the owner of an asset still owns(holds) the security. As a result, there is the likelihood that the book profit may decrease in case of a price drop[1]. In order to calculate the book profit for an asset the following formula is used :

${\displaystyle {\mbox{Book Profit}}=({\mbox{Current Price}}-{\mbox{Purchase price}})\cdot {\mbox{Quantity}}}$

In most countries, book profit is not taxable; the tax amount is collected when gains and losses are realized. Also known as unrealized profit or unrealized loss or paper profit or paper loss.

Importance of Book profit

The finding of the study conducted by Alhadab and Tahat highlight the importance of unrealized gain to investors. The outcomes show that investors undervalue the business that reports unrealized losses and gains in their comprehensive income statements in the pre and post-crisis periods. The way that the unrealized gains and losses that published in the are considered to be a major root cause of the recent financial credit crisis in 2008 [2].

The variances between book profit and tax base are powerful and this may be observed in medium and large enterprises. Nonetheless, it is rather complicated to highlight any trends since the direction and the scale of the variations differ remarkably across companies [3].

Difference between net porfit and book profit

Net income, also called net profit or net earnings, is a concrete concept. The figure that most comprehensively reflects a business' profitability while book profit only represent the unrealized profit or loss due to market fluctuation.

The net income of a business is the outcome of a number of computations, starting with revenue and including all expenses and revenue streams for a given point. All the cash that flows in and out of a company is accounted for as a sum. This covers costs for the manufacture of products; debt payments; operating expenses; interest paid on credits; further income streams from subsidiary holdings or the sellout of assets; depreciation and amortization of assets; taxes.

On the other hand, book profit only represents the potential profit due to price movements on the market for a given set of assets.

Footnotes

1. Webster, T. (2015).