Difference between revisions of "Operating supplies"

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{{Infobox
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{{infobox4
|Concept={{PAGENAME}}
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|list1=
|list1=<ul>
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<ul>
<li>[[Project management]]</li>
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<li>[[Product]]</li>
</ul>
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<li>[[Landed cost]]</li>
|list2=<ul>
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<li>[[Scrap rate]]</li>
<li>[[Project]]
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<li>[[Behavioral data]]</li>
<li>[[Process]]
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<li>[[Market mapping]]</li>
<li>[[Design life]]
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<li>[[Merchandise inventory]]</li>
</ul>
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<li>[[Applied overhead]]</li>
|list3=<ul>
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<li>[[Support process]]</li>
<li>[[Principles of design harmony]]
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<li>[[Types of supply]]</li>
<li>[[Design development]]
 
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 
}}
 
}}
'''Operating supplies'''
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{{a|Dominika Kaczmarczyk}}
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'''Operating supplies''' are "consumed" by the [[company]] during operations such as '''[[production]]''', '''distribution''' and '''transmission''' (for example supplies used by machinery)<ref> United States. Office of the Federal Register (2003), p. 230 </ref>. They might be seen similar to convenience goods but they do not become final [[product]] or its part. Usually operating supplies include stationery, oil, lubricant, petrol, grease, tools, gaskets, waste, hose, laps, packaging, distilled water, furnitures<ref>Office of The Federal Register (2017), p.500</ref>. They are characterized by<ref>Joshi M. (2012), p.62</ref>:
[[Category:Project management]]
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* '''Short''' '''life''',
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* '''Low''' [[price]], 
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* After using they '''loose''' '''value''' immediately, 
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* Can be purchased with minimum effort, 
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* '''Availability''' on the [[market]], 
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* '''Frequent''' purchases, 
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* '''Low quantities''' in purchases. 
 +
 
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== Marketing point of view of operating supplies ==
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From [[marketing]] perspective operating supplies has below characteristics<ref>Joshi M. (2012), p.62</ref>:
 +
* '''Many producers''' producing the same goods (the same operating supplies),
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* Producers mainly compete on price as buyer decision is based mainly on the '''lowest price''',
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* Almost all producers '''[[needs]]''' operating supplies,
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* Selling of operational supplies is usually done by '''network''' of wholesales,
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* Operational supplies are delivered to '''many users'''.
 +
 
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== Accounting operating supplies ==
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From accounting perspective there are two ways of handling operating supplies. Each of them is defining slightly different the point of recognition of expense<ref>Balla D. (2012)</ref>:  
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# '''Purchase''' [[method]]: expense is calculated when product is purchased,
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# '''Consumption''' method: expense is calculated when product is used.
 +
 
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== List of operating supplies and services ==
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Below as example are listed operating supplies and services accounted by Michigan State University<ref>[https://opb.msu.edu/functions/budget/documents/cognos-planning/SSE_DropDown.pdf ''Operating Supplies and Services -- DROP DOWN LIST''] (access: 2019)</ref>:
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* '''Books''' and '''subscriptions''', 
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* Business entertainment and meetings ('''food, beverage, alcohol, non food'''),
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* '''Furniture''', 
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* Laundry,
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* Maintenance (equipment, building, hardware),
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* Printing and copying, 
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* Renting (equipment), 
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* Services (consultations, technology, personal, cloud technology, contractual),
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* '''Supplies''' (computer, technology, software, medical, other, offices),
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* '''Telephones''',
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* Tuitions and fees (paid to other institutions, application, license, parking, conference, speaker, credit/debit cards, administrative, membership, health),
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* '''Utilities''' (electricity, natural gas),
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* '''Waste''' removal.
 +
 
  
 
==Footnotes==
 
==Footnotes==
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
== References =='
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== References ==
 +
* Balla D. (2012), ''CLEP Financial Accounting w/ Online Practice Exams'', Research & [[Education]] Assoc.
 
* Haas M. J., McAloon A. J., Yee W. C., Foglia T. A. (2006), [http://w3.ualg.pt/~rbarros/documentos/Bioenergia/Biodiesel%20Model%20%20Paper.pdf  ''A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs'' ] in "Bioresource [[Technology]] 97", US Department of Agriculture, USA
 
* Haas M. J., McAloon A. J., Yee W. C., Foglia T. A. (2006), [http://w3.ualg.pt/~rbarros/documentos/Bioenergia/Biodiesel%20Model%20%20Paper.pdf  ''A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs'' ] in "Bioresource [[Technology]] 97", US Department of Agriculture, USA
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* Joshi M. (2012), ''Essentials of Marketing. [[Strategy]]. Product. Marketing.'', Bookboon
 
* [https://opb.msu.edu/functions/budget/documents/cognos-planning/SSE_DropDown.pdf ''Operating Supplies and Services -- DROP DOWN LIST''] (access: 2019), Michigan State University, USA
 
* [https://opb.msu.edu/functions/budget/documents/cognos-planning/SSE_DropDown.pdf ''Operating Supplies and Services -- DROP DOWN LIST''] (access: 2019), Michigan State University, USA
 +
* Office of The Federal Register (2017), ''2017 CFR Annual Print Title 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources Parts 1 to 399'', IntraWEB, LLC and Claitor's Law Publishing
 
* Pemsel A., Long D. (2003), [https://www.instituteforsupplymanagement.org/files/Pubs/Proceedings/PemselALT.pdf''The Future of Maintenance, Repair and Operating Supplies (MRO)''], Conference Proceedings
 
* Pemsel A., Long D. (2003), [https://www.instituteforsupplymanagement.org/files/Pubs/Proceedings/PemselALT.pdf''The Future of Maintenance, Repair and Operating Supplies (MRO)''], Conference Proceedings
 +
* United States. Office of the Federal Register (2003), ''L.S.A., List of C.F.R. Sections Affected'', Uniwersytet Michigan
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 +
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{{a|Dominika Kaczmarczyk}}
 +
[[Category: Financial management]]
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[[Category: Production management]]

Latest revision as of 13:26, 13 July 2019

Operating supplies
See also

Operating supplies are "consumed" by the company during operations such as production, distribution and transmission (for example supplies used by machinery)[1]. They might be seen similar to convenience goods but they do not become final product or its part. Usually operating supplies include stationery, oil, lubricant, petrol, grease, tools, gaskets, waste, hose, laps, packaging, distilled water, furnitures[2]. They are characterized by[3]:

  • Short life,
  • Low price,
  • After using they loose value immediately,
  • Can be purchased with minimum effort,
  • Availability on the market,
  • Frequent purchases,
  • Low quantities in purchases.

Marketing point of view of operating supplies[edit]

From marketing perspective operating supplies has below characteristics[4]:

  • Many producers producing the same goods (the same operating supplies),
  • Producers mainly compete on price as buyer decision is based mainly on the lowest price,
  • Almost all producers needs operating supplies,
  • Selling of operational supplies is usually done by network of wholesales,
  • Operational supplies are delivered to many users.

Accounting operating supplies[edit]

From accounting perspective there are two ways of handling operating supplies. Each of them is defining slightly different the point of recognition of expense[5]:

  1. Purchase method: expense is calculated when product is purchased,
  2. Consumption method: expense is calculated when product is used.

List of operating supplies and services[edit]

Below as example are listed operating supplies and services accounted by Michigan State University[6]:

  • Books and subscriptions,
  • Business entertainment and meetings (food, beverage, alcohol, non food),
  • Furniture,
  • Laundry,
  • Maintenance (equipment, building, hardware),
  • Printing and copying,
  • Renting (equipment),
  • Services (consultations, technology, personal, cloud technology, contractual),
  • Supplies (computer, technology, software, medical, other, offices),
  • Telephones,
  • Tuitions and fees (paid to other institutions, application, license, parking, conference, speaker, credit/debit cards, administrative, membership, health),
  • Utilities (electricity, natural gas),
  • Waste removal.


Footnotes[edit]

  1. United States. Office of the Federal Register (2003), p. 230
  2. Office of The Federal Register (2017), p.500
  3. Joshi M. (2012), p.62
  4. Joshi M. (2012), p.62
  5. Balla D. (2012)
  6. Operating Supplies and Services -- DROP DOWN LIST (access: 2019)

References[edit]


Author: Dominika Kaczmarczyk