Difference between revisions of "Production reserve"

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Reserve capacity (Rc) is the difference between the size of the calculated capacity (Cc) and achieved the size of [[production]] in the enterprise (Pr).
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{{infobox4
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|list1=
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<ul>
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<li>[[Just in time]]</li>
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<li>[[Uniformity of production]]</li>
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<li>[[Pipelined production]]</li>
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<li>[[Muda mura muri]]</li>
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<li>[[Determining the length of the production cycle]]</li>
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<li>[[Cost avoidance]]</li>
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<li>[[Production cycle]]</li>
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<li>[[Continuous process]]</li>
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<li>[[Nested production]]</li>
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<li>[[Inventory reserve]]</li>
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</ul>
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}}
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Reserve capacity (Rc) is the difference between the size of the calculated capacity (Cc) and achieved the size of [[production]] in the [[enterprise]] (Pr).
  
 
Rc = Cc – Pr [unit production]
 
Rc = Cc – Pr [unit production]
  
The presence of reserves is required because of [[risk]] of economic processes. The size of the reserves must be subject to optimization containing maintenance costs and changing [[market]] [[demand]]. [[Knowledge]] of production capacity is necessary to determine the increase in production (not requiring additional [[investments]]), and for the determination of improving the efficiency of investment processes.
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The presence of reserves is required because of [[risk]] of economic processes. The size of the reserves must be subject to optimization containing maintenance costs and changing [[market]] [[demand]]. [[Knowledge]] of [[production capacity]] is necessary to determine the increase in production (not requiring additional [[investments]]), and for the determination of improving the [[efficiency]] of investment processes.
  
 
==Intensive Reserve==
 
==Intensive Reserve==
 
They can be used by:
 
They can be used by:
* reduce machine time per unit of the product
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* reduce machine time per unit of the [[product]]
 
* reduce the participation of auxiliary time and other components in general time of operation
 
* reduce the participation of auxiliary time and other components in general time of operation
 
* elimination of non-productive run of machines
 
* elimination of non-productive run of machines
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* Downtime – device idle time due to lack of workers or during refurbishment, * Whole shift downtime - caused by prolonged preparatory time of machinery and equipment.
 
* Downtime – device idle time due to lack of workers or during refurbishment, * Whole shift downtime - caused by prolonged preparatory time of machinery and equipment.
 
* Loss - breaks due to lengthy repairs, accidents, lack of materials, and other organizational issues
 
* Loss - breaks due to lengthy repairs, accidents, lack of materials, and other organizational issues
* Breaks during the [[work]] day - regular break for employees to reduce fatigue. Some downtime due to the fault of the worker: the absence of work, being late to work, early finishing of work.
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* Breaks during the [[work]] day - regular break for employees to reduce fatigue. Some downtime due to the fault of the worker: the [[absence]] of work, being late to work, early finishing of work.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
* Kleindorfer, P. R., Singhal, K., & Wassenhove, L. N. (2005). ''[http://www.icesi.edu.co/blogs/semillerosi3/files/2013/12/06-04-PK.pdf Sustainable operations management]''. Production and operations management, 14(4), 482-492.
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* Kleindorfer, P. R., Singhal, K., & Wassenhove, L. N. (2005). ''[http://www.icesi.edu.co/blogs/semillerosi3/files/2013/12/06-04-PK.pdf Sustainable operations management]''. Production and operations [[management]], 14(4), 482-492.
  
 
[[Category:Production management]]
 
[[Category:Production management]]
 
[[pl:Rezerwa produkcyjna]]
 
[[pl:Rezerwa produkcyjna]]

Latest revision as of 21:01, 1 December 2019

Production reserve
See also

Reserve capacity (Rc) is the difference between the size of the calculated capacity (Cc) and achieved the size of production in the enterprise (Pr).

Rc = Cc – Pr [unit production]

The presence of reserves is required because of risk of economic processes. The size of the reserves must be subject to optimization containing maintenance costs and changing market demand. Knowledge of production capacity is necessary to determine the increase in production (not requiring additional investments), and for the determination of improving the efficiency of investment processes.

Intensive Reserve[edit]

They can be used by:

  • reduce machine time per unit of the product
  • reduce the participation of auxiliary time and other components in general time of operation
  • elimination of non-productive run of machines

Extensive Reserve[edit]

Extensive reserves are connected with idle operation of machinery and equipment

  • Downtime – device idle time due to lack of workers or during refurbishment, * Whole shift downtime - caused by prolonged preparatory time of machinery and equipment.
  • Loss - breaks due to lengthy repairs, accidents, lack of materials, and other organizational issues
  • Breaks during the work day - regular break for employees to reduce fatigue. Some downtime due to the fault of the worker: the absence of work, being late to work, early finishing of work.

References[edit]