The standardization is a result of activities which are leading to obtain an optimum degree of the order in the specified range in the defined circumstances. The normalization could be obtain thanks to establishing provisions which can be used commonly and repeatedly. These provisions concern existing problems and also problems which might appear. In other words, standardization it is a process of adapting the parameters of the products to obligatory and common standards. These standards are useful to mass production at lower cost and give a wider opportunity to improve commercial orders.
The main target of standardization is to limit the diversity usually of the products, services, processes, systems, institutions. The result of the standardization are standards.
Stages of standardization
- Classification – an activity whose purpose is to group the characteristic features of the product.
- Unification – standardize of design features and dimensions of the machines’ elements.
- Typing – unification of the structure which leads to simplification of the production, costs reduction and easier utilization.
International Organizations for Standardization
- International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
- The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
- European Committee for Standardization (CEN)
- European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC)
- European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
- Międzynarodowy Związek Telekomunikacyjny (ITU)
- American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
- ECMA International
- Polish Committee for Standardization (Polski Komitet Normalizacyjny) (PKN)
ISO creates standards in all areas of daily life. ISO published over 17000 standards.
- Hallstrom K.T. (2004), Organizing International Standardization: Iso and the Iasc in Quest of Authority, Edward Elgar Pub
Author: Weronika Winkowska