Help:References

Citations and referencing

Each article should contain citations and references to used scientific articles, books. In exceptional situations (with prior consent of the teacher) other websites may be referenced.

Type of referenced text Citation in the text Cited item
Book, 1-3 authors (Kotler, Armstrong 2010, p. 123) Kotler, P., Armstrong, G. (2010). Principles of marketing. Pearson education.
Book, over 3 authors or collective work (Kotler et al 2006, p. 12) Kotler, P., Bowen, J. T., Makens, J. C., & Baloglu, S. (2006). Marketing for hospitality and tourism.
An article in the scientific journal (McKercher 1993, pp. 6-16) McKercher, B. (1993). Some fundamental truths about tourism: Understanding tourism's social and environmental impacts. Journal of sustainable tourism, 1(1).
An article with a link to the PDF file (Kim, Lim 2001, p. 32) Kim, S. Y., & Lim, Y. J. (2001). [http:// ... Consumers' perceived importance of and satisfaction with internet shopping] . "Electronic Markets", 11(3), 148-154.

Additional notes:

  • Italic text is created using two apostrophes ('', not quotation marks!)

Referencing websites

As a rule, you should avoid using text from other websites. In particular, do not use sites that provide content that is of questionable or unverified quality. If there is a book or article on the website, you should add citation/references as for a journal article. However, if there is no other option (and the teacher accepts it) then it is possible.

Entry in the References section:

  1. if the author is known, you should start with "Surname I.,"
  2. if the release year is known, add it. If not, enter current year, i.e. "(2015),"
  3. page title in italics with link (if the specific page has a title): '' [http: // ... Page title] '',
  4. name of the website, e.g. "University of California"

We do not link to the main page, unless the article is directly related to an institution.

Referencing in the text:

  1. if the author is known: (Surname YEAR)
  2. if not, then (Title fragment... YEAR)

Websites to avoid

  • for technical reasons, links to amazonaws.com work only on one computer - find another source of pdf document
  • some websites may publish content with questionable copyrights, only content from legal sources should be used
  • some websites do not verify sufficiently published content, eg: study.com, slideshare.net, investopedia.com, - you should not link or use text from these sites

The above list of pages is not complete. The teacher will pay attention to any suspicious urls.

References using REF

You should not use wiki referencing using: <ref> function.

References

  • Kotler, P., Armstrong, G. (2010). Principles of marketing. Pearson education.
  • Kotler, P., Bowen, J. T., Makens, J. C., & Baloglu, S. (2006). Marketing for hospitality and tourism.
  • McKercher, B. (1993). Some fundamental truths about tourism: Understanding tourism's social and environmental impacts. Journal of sustainable tourism, 1(1).
  • Kim, S. Y., & Lim, Y. J. (2001). Consumers perceived importance of and satisfaction with internet shopping. "Electronic Markets", 11(3), 148-154.