# Net domestic product

Net Domestic Product (NDP) is a measure of the total monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time, after deducting the cost of the goods and services used up in the process of production. NDP is calculated by subtracting the total value of all intermediate goods used in the production process from the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). NDP is also known as Gross National Product (GNP) or National Income.

NDP can be calculated as follows:

NDP = GDP - (Intermediate Consumption + Depreciation)

Where,

GDP is the total monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time

Intermediate Consumption is the total value of all intermediate goods used in the production process

Depreciation is the total value of all capital goods used up in the production process

NDP is an important measure of economic performance as it provides a more accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country. It is used to compare the performance of different countries and to measure changes in the economy over time. NDP is also a useful tool for economic policy makers, as it helps them to identify areas of the economy that need to be improved.

## Example of Net domestic product

To illustrate, the following example shows the calculation of the NDP for a fictional country, ABC:

• GDP: \$1,000
• Intermediate Consumption: \$200
• Depreciation: \$100

NDP = \$1,000 - (\$200 + \$100) = \$700

Therefore, the NDP for ABC is \$700.

In this example, the NDP is calculated by subtracting the total value of all intermediate goods used in the production process, as well as the total value of all capital goods used up in the production process, from the GDP. The result is the NDP, which is a more accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country. NDP is used to compare the performance of different countries and to measure changes in the economy over time.

## Formula of Net domestic product

NDP = GDP - (Intermediate Consumption + Depreciation)

## When to use Net domestic product

• To compare the performance of different countries: NDP is used to compare the performance of different countries by providing an accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within each country.
• To measure changes in the economy over time: NDP is used to measure changes in the economy over time, as it provides an accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country.
• To identify areas of the economy that need to be improved: NDP is used to identify areas of the economy that need to be improved, as it provides an accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country.

## Types of Net domestic product

• Market Price NDP: Market Price NDP is calculated by subtracting the cost of intermediate consumption from the GDP at market prices. This measure takes into account the changes in the prices of goods and services due to inflation or deflation.
• Factor Cost NDP: Factor Cost NDP is calculated by subtracting the cost of intermediate consumption from the GDP at factor cost. This measure is not affected by changes in prices due to inflation or deflation, and is thus a more accurate measure of the value of goods and services produced.

NDP is a measure of the total monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time, after taking into account all intermediate goods used in the production process and depreciation. It is an important measure of economic performance and is used to compare the performance of different countries and to measure changes in the economy over time. It can be calculated as either Market Price NDP or Factor Cost NDP.

## Steps of Net domestic product

• Calculate GDP: GDP is the total monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time.
• Calculate Intermediate Consumption: Intermediate Consumption is the total value of all intermediate goods used in the production process.
• Calculate Depreciation: Depreciation is the total value of all capital goods used up in the production process.
• Calculate NDP: NDP is calculated by subtracting the total value of all intermediate goods used in the production process from the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Net Domestic Product (NDP) is an important measure of economic performance, as it provides a more accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country. It is used to compare the performance of different countries and to measure changes in the economy over time. NDP is also a useful tool for economic policy makers, as it helps them to identify areas of the economy that need to be improved.

## Advantages of Net domestic product

• NDP provides a more accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country as it takes into account the cost of all intermediate goods and services used in the production process.
• NDP is useful in comparing the performance of different countries and in measuring changes in the economy over time.
• NDP is a valuable tool for economic policy makers, as it helps them to identify areas of the economy that need to be improved.

## Limitations of Net domestic product

• GDP does not take into account the impact of external factors such as imports and exports. As such, GDP may not accurately reflect the true contribution of a country to the global economy.
• GDP is an aggregate measure which does not provide detailed information on the distribution of income, making it difficult to assess the impact of economic policies on different groups in society.
• NDP does not account for non-monetary activities, such as unpaid work, which can have a significant impact on the economy.

## Other approaches related to Net domestic product

• National Income Accounting: National income accounting is a method used to measure the total income of a country or region. It includes wages, salaries, profits, dividends, rent, and other forms of income generated by businesses and individuals.
• Gross Domestic Product (GDP): GDP is the sum of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. It is an important measure of economic performance, as it reflects the total value of all goods and services produced in an economy.
• Gross National Product (GNP): GNP is the total market value of all goods and services produced by a country in a given period of time. It includes the value of goods and services produced by citizens of the country, regardless of where they are located.

NDP is an important measure of economic performance as it provides a more accurate measure of the value of the goods and services produced within a country. It is used to compare the performance of different countries and to measure changes in the economy over time. Other related approaches such as National Income Accounting, Gross Domestic Product and Gross National Product are also important measures of economic performance.

 Net domestic product — recommended articles National income measures — Real income — GDP deflator — Constant price GDP — Wholesale price index — Total factor productivity — Imported inflation — Consumer price index — Effective exchange rate