A regulated market is a market that is subject to government oversight to ensure that market participants adhere to certain rules and regulations. This includes setting price controls, imposing taxes, and enforcing certain standards. Examples of regulated markets include the stock market, commodity markets, and foreign exchange markets.
- Price Controls: Governments may set price controls to limit the amount of money that a business can charge for a particular product or service. For example, the government may set a maximum price for gasoline to prevent businesses from overcharging consumers.
- Taxes: Governments impose taxes on certain transactions in regulated markets, such as income taxes on stock trades or commodity taxes on certain goods. These taxes are meant to ensure that the government receives its fair share of the profits generated by the market.
- Standards: Governments may also enforce certain standards in regulated markets to ensure that products or services meet certain quality standards. For example, the government may require companies to adhere to environmental standards or safety standards for certain products.
Example of Regulated market
A stock market is a great example of a regulated market. The government regulates the stock market by setting price controls, imposing taxes, and enforcing certain standards. For example, the government may set a maximum price for a particular stock and impose a capital gains tax on profits earned from trading stocks. The government may also require companies to adhere to certain accounting standards or disclosure requirements in order to ensure that investors have access to accurate and reliable information about the company.
When to use Regulated market
Regulated markets are typically used in situations where there is a risk of market failure, such as when there is an absence of competition or when there are externalities. For example, a government may impose price controls on a monopoly to prevent it from charging excessive prices. Similarly, a government may impose taxes on a commodity to capture some of the external benefits that it provides.
- Monopoly: Price controls may be used by governments to limit prices charged by monopolies. This is done to prevent the monopolist from charging excessive prices and to ensure that consumers are not overcharged.
- Externalities: Taxes may be imposed on certain goods or services to capture some of the external benefits that they provide. For example, a government may impose taxes on carbon emissions to capture some of the negative externalities associated with burning fossil fuels.
- Lack of Competition: Governments may also impose regulations to ensure that competition is maintained in certain markets. For example, governments may prohibit certain practices that are anti-competitive, such as price-fixing or collusion.
Types of Regulated market
Regulated markets can be divided into two main types: public and private markets.
- Public Markets: Public markets are regulated by government agencies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the United States. These markets are open to all investors, and the regulations are designed to protect investors from fraud and manipulation.
- Private Markets: Private markets are typically regulated by private organizations, such as a trade association or a stock exchange. These markets are generally closed to the public and their regulations are designed to protect the interests of the members of the market.
Advantages of Regulated market
Regulated markets provide numerous advantages to both buyers and sellers. These include protection of consumers, greater transparency and fairness, and more efficient markets.
- Protection of Consumers: By regulating prices and standards, governments can ensure that consumers are not being taken advantage of by businesses. This helps to protect consumers from unscrupulous business practices.
- Greater Transparency and Fairness: Regulations help to ensure that prices and other market conditions are disclosed in a fair and transparent manner, which helps to promote a level playing field for all market participants.
- More Efficient Markets: By establishing and enforcing rules and regulations, governments can help to ensure that markets are more efficient and liquid. This helps to reduce transaction costs and increase liquidity.
Limitations of Regulated market
However, there are certain limitations of regulated markets. One of the main limitations is that, if the government sets rules that are too strict, it can lead to inefficiencies in the market, as businesses may be unable to compete in the market due to the cost of complying with the regulations. Furthermore, the government may not always have the expertise or resources to effectively regulate a particular market, leading to higher costs and lower efficiency. Lastly, government regulations can create barriers to entry for new businesses, preventing them from competing in the market.
- Deregulation: In some cases, governments may decide to deregulate certain markets to allow for more competition and increased efficiency. This may involve eliminating or reducing price controls or taxes, or reducing the number of regulations that businesses must adhere to.
- Government Intervention: Governments may also intervene in regulated markets to help stabilize prices or prevent market manipulation. For example, the government may buy or sell certain assets to influence market prices, or it may impose restrictions on certain market participants to prevent market manipulation.
In summary, deregulation and government intervention are other approaches related to regulated markets. Deregulation involves eliminating or reducing price controls or taxes, while government intervention may involve buying or selling certain assets or imposing restrictions on certain market participants.
|Regulated market — recommended articles
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- Borland, R. (2003). A strategy for controlling the marketing of tobacco products: a regulated market model. Tobacco Control, 12(4), 374-382.
- Liu, C., Yao, L. J., Hu, N., & Liu, L. (2011). The impact of Ifrs on accounting quality in a regulated market: An empirical study of China. Journal of Accounting, Auditing & Finance, 26(4), 659-676.