In the literature the system is understood as collection of items and relations between them, which act as a whole and have common objective. Defining the system involves extracting: elements of the environment system, the relevant relations between the system and the relevant relations of the system with its surroundings.
System (from the Greek systema), is a set of mutually interrelated elements functioning as one whole (inputs, transformation processes, results and feedback).
The system is any layout of elements that is coordinated internally and which has determined structure. A group of ways (methods) of performing complex operations. It's the overall organizational policy, the norms and rules in force in the field (eg. the financial system, the ethic system).
The system includes a collection of certain elements, which are an relatively autonomous unit extracted from the environment, which elements have internal relations and feedbacks. All elements of the system are accomplishing the main purpose of the whole.
The system is organised, in particular environment and consists of smaller items - subsystems. Subsystems are systems within the framework of a broader system, which are connected by numerous associations in such a way that each of them contributes to achieving objective and contributes to the success of the whole. The system is also called the layout of some of the elements associated with each using different relationships, which was created in order to fulfil certain functions.
Such systems are open systems in interactions with the environment. All organizations are open systems. Enterprise is a system consisting of several subsystems, i.e.: production, organizational, economic, social, information systems.
- Kaplan, R. S., & Norton, D. P. (1996). Using the balanced scorecard as a strategic management system.