Compensating factor

From CEOpedia | Management online

Compensating factors are facilities for the borrower which lender can make while mortgage application. These factors are very important during balancing on being approved or not due to the debt-to-income ratio, for instance. Those can not reverse horrible credit situation but can help who are close to getting a mortgage [1]. Compensating factor can be measured using following formula [2]: "Compensating factor = Effective compensating winding turns / Effective d-axis armature turns"

Types of Compensating factors

One of the most famous factors is the history of borrowers payments for housing debt obligations, demonstrated as yearly or 24 monthly comparisons [3]. Other factors are [4]:

  • making a huge upfront pay towards the acquisition of the house,
  • acquisition of a property certified as an energy-efficient or passive house,
  • showing the capacity to aggregate reserve funds and to keep up a decent record with debt-free positions,
  • having a potential for expanded income and progression due to educating or taking part in training, even though the person has recently entered the work-life activity,
  • having the momentary profit that could not be considered as stable pay, since it would not be received for any event three years before the date of the loan application,
  • buying a property due to corporate change of the primary and secondary salaried employee, with an employment history in a former workplace, whose return to the labor is prospective (also in the case that new capacity has not been obtained yet),
  • owning assets of sufficient value, to prove mortgage repayment possibility.

Conditions mentioned above, are not only sufficient for falling into them borrower but to be counted into higher ratios for a mortgage with a loan to value indicators over 90%, at least one of ensuing factors must takes a place [5]:

  • the person who borrows must have saving that can be utilized to convey the loan obligation for a few months,
  • the borrower more likely than not showed the capacity to give a more noteworthy part on their salary to lodging costs, a brilliant installment history on any earlier home loan commitment and an adequate record as a consumer,
  • the person who borrows must have a complete commitment to pay proportion loan (at the moment of applying) of 30% or less, great story of person's paid expenses and installment repayment.

Examples of Compensating factor

  • Large Down Payment - One of the most common compensating factors is making a large down payment on the home. This reduces the loan amount and the monthly payment, helping to improve the debt-to-income ratio.
  • Low Debt-to-Income Ratio - If the borrower has a very low debt-to-income ratio, lenders may be willing to overlook other potential issues.
  • High Credit Score - If the borrower has a high credit score, this can help to offset any other potential issues and make the borrower more appealing for a loan.
  • Cash Reserves - If the borrower has a large amount of cash reserves, this can show that they have the ability to cover unexpected expenses and make them a more attractive candidate for a loan.
  • Employment Stability - If the borrower has been employed in the same job for a long period of time, this can demonstrate financial stability and make them a more attractive candidate for a loan.

Advantages of Compensating factor

Compensating factor can be a great help for those close to getting a mortgage. Here are some advantages of having compensating factors:

  • It can help to balance out a higher debt-to-income ratio and make a borrower more qualified for a mortgage.
  • Compensating factors can also help to make up for a lack of credit history or a low credit score.
  • They can add stability to the borrower’s financial situation and show that they are a responsible borrower.
  • A lender may be able to offer more favorable terms or a lower interest rate if compensating factors are present.
  • It can also help to boost the confidence of the lender that the borrower can handle the loan repayment.

Limitations of Compensating factor

Compensating factors can be helpful for those close to getting a mortgage, however, there are certain limitations to them. These limitations include:

  • A large down payment can help, but it does not necessarily guarantee a loan approval.
  • Flexible credit score requirements may be available, but they will usually still be higher than what is required for borrowers with good credit.
  • A lender may offer a modified payment plan, but it may not be enough to cover the full amount of the loan.
  • A co-signer may be able to help, but they are not always accepted by lenders.
  • A higher income may help, but it may not be enough to compensate for the amount of debt the borrower has.
  • A cosigner may help with the debt-to-income ratio, but they are not always accepted by lenders.
  • A higher credit score may help, but it may still be lower than what is required for a loan approval.

Other approaches related to Compensating factor

Other approaches related to compensating factors are:

  • Reserves: the borrower has to show the lender the funds left in the bank account to cover any future payment default.
  • Repayment History: if the borrower has been consistently paying all the debt for the last two years, the lender can make exceptions.
  • Low Debt-to-Income Ratio: if the borrower has low debt-to-income ratio, the lender can be more lenient in approving the loan.
  • Good Credit History: if the borrower has a good credit history, the lender can consider it as a positive factor.
  • Strong Employment History: the borrower can demonstrate to the lender a long and stable history of employment to increase the chances of mortgage approval.
  • High Savings: if the borrower has high savings, the lender can consider it as a compensating factor.

In summary, other important approaches related to compensating factors include reserves, repayment history, low debt-to-income ratio, good credit history, strong employment history, and high savings. All these factors can help the borrower to increase the chances of mortgage approval.


  1. De Herr R. (2009), p. A-124
  2. Bakshi U. A. (2009), p.6-6
  3. De Herr R. (2009), p. A-60
  4. De Herr R. (2009), p. A-61
  5. De Herr R. (2009), p. A-62

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Author: Maria Kucz