Contract guarantee

Contract guarantee
See also


Contract guarantee (known also as ancillary guarantee)[1]is a common way to secure the implementation of contracts and is a type of guarantee in which guarantor not only gives letter of credit, but also becomes a co-signatory of the contract. That means that he is able to challenge obligee's demand for payment of the guarantee sum.It is also an obligation of the insurance company to pay to the beneficiary a certain amount, that is to say the amount of the guarantee sum if the applicant fails to meet his obligations, which is part of the guarantee. They are a key element for contractors and subcontractors who take active part in tenders and execute contracts and, therefore, are obliged to provide collateral for investors and general contractors. If there are entities that contain many contracts and often take part in tenders, it is necessary to conclude a general agreement that ensures better obtaining of warranty documents.

Contract guarantees are not allowed in certain countries, e.g. in U.S.

Basic warranty information[edit]

The guarantee is a situation when third person (not involved in contract) guarantees to repay in case of default of the guaranee. In contract guarantee that third person is in fact involved in contract, as he/she gains some powers.The guarantor participates in the guarantee contract, that is the insurance company and the payer, called the debtor[2].

What does a contract guarantee require[edit]

Contract guarantee requires[3]:

  • concurrence of all the parties,
  • liability,
  • existence of a debt,
  • consideration,
  • should be written,
  • essentials of a valid contract,
  • no concealment of facts,
  • no misrepresentation.

Advantages of the warranty[edit]

Basic benefits of contract guarantees:

  • your financial contribution is not required to provide collateral that requires counterparties,
  • you can unlock financial collateral,
  • they confirm the credibility of the contractors,
  • an element protecting domestic and export contracts,
  • increase the credibility of the company,
  • they ensure financial independence from banks,
  • quick refund of the amount constituting the security for the contract.

Types and stages of contract guarantees[edit]

The basic types and stages of the guarantee are[4]:

  • payment of the tender bond (tender) - in this type of guarantee, the entrepreneur is exempt from the obligation to pay the bid bond in cash. It is insurance for companies that offer their services to other entities through tenders. By issuing a guarantee to the beneficiary, the insurer undertakes to pay the amount indicated therein, should the entrepreneur who won the tender refuse to sign the contract on the terms of the offer.
  • content performance of the contract (contract conclusion) - intended for all contractors and subcontractors. It is granted at the request of the entrepreneur who won the tender secured by a guarantee and is obliged to provide security for the proper performance of the contract.
  • advance payment (execution of the contract) - required by the investor who finances the performance of the contract by paying the advance payment to the contractor.
  • the removal of defects and faults (post-construction period )- constitutes a security for the investor that the defects and faults of the completed contract will be removed.


References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Lowry J. , Rawlings P. (2004)Insurance Law: Cases and Materials International Specialized Book Services, pp.119-121
  2. Financial Accounting Standards Board , (2008). Accounting for Financial Guarantee Insurance Contracts: An Interpretation of FASB Statement, Wydanie 60 Financial accounting series, pp.1-57.
  3. Yan, N., Sun, B., Zhang, H., & Liu, C. (2016). A partial credit guarantee contract in a capital-constrained supply chain: financing equilibrium and coordinating strategy. International Journal of Production Economics, 173, 122-133.
  4. Philips J.C , O’Donovan J. (2010) The Modern Contract of Guarantee Law Book Company, pp.1-919

Author: Anna Śliwa