It is a term derived from the Greek language word hegemon which mean: leader or guide. Today the term is used when an entity or person holds a dominant advantage over others. This entity is called then hegemony.
This mainly we use in relation to the nation-state, having the greatest influence on the economic, political, military, cultural and control over other states. Hegemony on the one hand, it refers to global policy (one state decide on specified world order) and, on the other hand, tells us about the status of the structure of the international matters.
The basis of particular state hegemony (according to. I. Wallerstein) is the dominance of the economy (industry, trade and finance). Having an advantage in this area hegemony guarantees relatively strong and unassailable position, putting other allies in the role of client states.
However a very important issue for the hegemony is military advantage. Hegemony takes its position mainly by means of force and efficient economy allows him to keep it.
- Sparta attained hegemony in the Peloponnesian War, result was 30-year hegemony in Greece.
- Modern example of hegemony are United States of America. In spite of dwindling influence, USA still have leading position on the military and economic plane.
- Keohane, R. O. (2005). After hegemony: Cooperation and discord in the world political economy. Princeton University Press.