Special waste

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Special waste are the remains of dangerous objects and substances. They require special disposal and service. For storing and taking care of safety, special special waste for employed trained persons. Their task is to utilize special waste and care for the natural environment. Such activities are carried out in various rooms under a restrictive control. They are dangerous not only for soils, animals but also for people. There are several classifications. One of them is to divide waste from:

  • biological,
  • physical
  • chemical properties,
  • amount of waste and their concentration.

Special waste is mainly associated with the industry. However, in normal households these dangerous residues are also produced. There is a list of substances and substances that can not be disposed of with municipal waste. These are among others household appliances and electronics, plant protection products, used batteries and accumulators, leftovers of oils, paints, non-abrasive substances, mercury containing waste, e.g. thermometers, cleaning agents, various types of aerosols, cleaning agents, expired medicines and used toners. These are some items that you need to dispose of specially[1] [2].

Medical waste

Medical waste is a substance or its residues resulting from treatment and diagnosis in the field of medicine. These activities are carried out mainly in closed and open experimental facilities and research facilities. Medical waste is generated in healthcare facilities. Among others: nursing and care facilities, general hospitals, detox treatment centers, medical centers, psychiatric hospitals, rehabilitation centers for drug addicts, health centers, hospices, clinics, hospitals, spa sanatoriums, medical practices - group but also individual. Special medical waste includes: human remains and tissues, sharp instruments and objects, used materials for making dressings, laboratory cultures, nutrition residues from pacients in infectious diseases departments, catheters, blood packets, syringe cartridges, aprons, bed sheets, gloves sheets disposables that have been in contact with people at infectious disease departments, biological preparations, including vaccines [3].


  1. Bigum. M, Damgaard. A, Scheutz. C, Christensen. T.H. (2007), Environmental impacts and resource losses of incinerating misplaced household special wastes (WEEE, batteries, ink cartridges and cables)., Resources, Conservation & Recycling, vol.122, p.10
  2. Nelles. M, Pivato. A, (2018), Special Section: Biological Waste to Energy., Waste Management, vol.71 p. 2
  3. Priya. A, Hait. S (2017), Comparative assessment of metallurgical recovery of metals from electronic waste with special emphasis on bioleaching., Environmental Science & Pollution Research, vol 40, p.20

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Author: Klaudia Rodak