Three white soldiers

Three white soldiers
See also

Three white soldiers is a pattern used in technical analysis on stock market ;a group of three white candlesticks with consistently rising closing prices[1]. The pattern predicts a downtrend.

Bulls and bears[edit]

Before you get acquainted with the concept of bulls and bears on the stock exchange, you need to know what a short and long position when trading in the Forex market.

  • Long position — allows you to earn on the growth of the asset.
  • Short position — allows you to make a profit on the fall of the value of the asset.

Bulls are market players who use long positions (to buy) in anticipation of the growth of the asset, playing on the increase, they buy and thus drive the price up[2].Bull on the stock exchange characterizes the optimism and confidence of investors in the expectation of good results.

Bears are market players, for the current short positions (for sale) in anticipation of the fall of the asset, playing on the decline, they sell, thereby pressing the price down[3]. Any trading position designed for growth will belong to the side of the bulls, because it is believed that the bull throws the price on its horns up. And, if we open a position, hoping to reduce the value of the asset, we find ourselves in the bear camp.

The movement of the market is constantly changing, up and down, and depending on what position we have to open, we become bulls and bears on the stock exchange. So, if the trend goes up, it is a bullish market, if the trend goes down, it is a market with a downward trend.

Three White Soldiers is a bullish reversal pattern.

Characteristic of Three White Soldiers[edit]

If three white soldiers appear in the area of low prices after a period of stabilization-this is a sign of the potential strength of the market.

This model reflects a gradual steady increase in prices. The opening price of each white candle is within the white body of the preceding candle or near it. The closing prices of candlesticks are equal to the maximum prices or close to them. This is quite a "healthy" way to increase the market (although if the candles are too stretched, it may be a sign of overbought market).

The opening price of the second and third days can be at any point of the previous body. It is also best if prices open in the middle of the previous day’s range (body)[4]. Remember that when a trading session opens, there should be enough bears in the market for the day to open below the previous closing price. This suggests that healthy growth is always accompanied by some resistance.

Pattern recognition rules[5]:

  1. Three long white candles appear consecutively, the closing price of each candle is higher than the previous one.
  2. Each opening price is inside the body of the previous candle.
  3. Each candle closes at or near the daily high.

Advance block pattern[edit]

If the second and third candlesticks (or only the third candle) show signs of weakening, the advance block pattern is formed[6]. It says that the rise in prices meets resistance, so the bulls should protect their positions. This model should be especially alarming if it appears after a long upward trend. Signs of market weakness may also be gradually decreasing body of white candles or relatively long upper shadows of the last two candles.

Stalled pattern[edit]

If the second candle has a long white body and registers a new high, followed by a small white candle, a stalled pattern is formed. This model is sometimes called the deliberation pattern. It signals that the onslaught of bulls is weakening, at least for some time. The last small candle can either form a gap relative to the long white body (in this case it becomes a star), or, as Japanese analysts say, "sit on his shoulder" (i.e. be at the top of the previous long white body).

A small white candle indicates the decline of the bulls ' strength. When a stalled pattern appears, it is better to close long positions and realize profits. Although the advance block pattern and the stalled pattern are not usually signals of a reversal at the top, there is sometimes a significant drop in prices after them[7]. When these models appear, long positions should be liquidated or protected, but short positions should not be opened in this situation. These models are of great importance in the field of high prices[8].


  1. Technical Analysis, p. 101
  2. Rockefeller B. (2016), p. 40
  3. Rockefeller B. (2016), p. 40
  4. Morris G. L. (2012), p. 258
  5. Morris G. L. (2012), p. 257-261
  6. Nison S. (1991), p. 158
  7. Nison S. (1991), p. 158
  8. Nison S. (1991), p. 158


Author: Anastasiia Ilnytska