Abridged accounts

Abridged accounts
See also


Abridged accounts are simplified form of accounts that includes a full accounting period but unlike annual accounts do not contain detailed financial information[1].

Current rules give small businesses the opportunity to hide detailed financial information that is usually included in profit and loss - income statement and balance sheet - statement of financial position[2].

As all companies at the end of the financial year are required to submit statutory accounts, small companies have the option of presenting shortened versions of accounts. Abridged accounts somehow replaced the previous version of simplified accounts - abbreviated accounts.

Regulations[edit]

The main regulations on abridged accounts are contained in Accounting Directive - an EU directive whose main task is to regulate the disclosure aspects of small companies[3].

In orders of EU Accounting Directive abridged accounts can be used by certain entities qualified as small companies. The main intention of this solution is to ensure the secrecy of finances[4].

In the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland regulations of abridged accounts are included in The Financial Reporting Standard[5].

Small companies[edit]

According to United Kingdom company law small companies are those that meet at least two of the following conditions[6]:

  • net worth does not exceed 5.1 million £,
  • turnover does not exceed 10.2 million £,
  • the average number of employees does not exceed 50.

Small enterprises are also defined in the EU reccomendation (2003/361). According to Definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises adopted by the commision - article 2 small enterprisee is an: "enterprise which employs fewer than 50 persons and whose annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet total does not exceed EUR 10 million"[7].

Requirements where abridged accounts delivered[edit]

To be able to filed a abridged account, the following conditions must be met[8][9]:

  • the company must be an entity that qualifies as a small enterprise,
  • the exclusion of information must be unanimously agreed by shareholders,
  • the accounts must still meet the conditions to give a fair and true view.

Main advantage and disadvantages of abridged accounts[edit]

The main advantages are[10]:

  • Abridged accounts reduce the disclosure of financial information about the company that might be useful to competitors. This helps the company if it has activities in competitive markets rather than a niche market.
  • It is an opportunity for small businesses to protect secrecy by shortening their profit and loss, balance sheet or both.

The main disadvantages are[11]:

  • Users of the financial statements may think the company has something to hide.
  • Users will find inter-company comparison is difficult, as fewer figures are available for analysis.
  • Small companies have to prepare and submit the same set of accounts for its members as they do for the public record.
  • Agreement of shareholers must be obtained every year, so a continuing authority is not permitted.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Law J. 2016, p. 33
  2. Law J. 2016, p. 33
  3. Law J. 2016, p. 33
  4. The New Accounting Directive... 2016, p. 4
  5. The Financial Reporting Standard... 2015, p.19
  6. Law J. 2016, p. 50
  7. Commission Recommendation... 2003, p.4
  8. Law J. 2016, p. 50
  9. Sleigh-Johnson N. 2017
  10. Collis J.,Holt A.,Hussey R. 2017, p.120
  11. Sleigh-Johnson N. 2017

References[edit]

Author: Michał Lisicki