Dangerous goods

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Dangerous goods
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Dangerous goods according to Dictionary of Shipping Terms it is cargo which is potentially hazardous such as inflammable or toxic goods. Such cargo must be notified by the shipper to the carrier as being dangerous and is usually carried on deck. Different classes of dangerous goods have different limits on the time they are allowed to be stored on the quay or in a warehouse. Some types of dangerous goods cannot be loaded with others dangerous goods, whether in containers or elsewhere [1].

Legal Regulations

There is no single unified legal act regulating the transport of dangerous goods. Regulation regarding classification of goods, use of packagings, use of tanks, consignment procedures, provisions concerning the construction, use of means of transport (including loading, mixed loading and unloading) have been included in [2] [3] :

  • ADR European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Code
  • IATA The International Air Transport Association
  • RID International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail

Transport of dangerous goods

Dangerous goods regulations make transport feasible while eliminating ore reducing risk to a minimum. Some materials, however, presents an unacceptable risk under any circumstances or by certain modes. Others may be transported only with special permission and arrangements. The majority of forbidden dangerous goods are extremely shock-sensitive explosives or explosives that become unstable when subjected to conditions normally incident to transportation [4] [5].

Forbidden material may include [6] :

  • Electrical devices that generate sparks or excessive heat
  • Excessively magnetic material
  • Incompatible materials transported in the same container
  • Materials that decompose or polymerize violently under normal conditions
  • Materials that give off flammable vapour concentration
  • Materials that detonate in a fire
  • Specifically forbidden materials that have been involved in transportation incidents in the past



  1. Brodie P. (2013)
  2. Güner-Özbek M.D (2008)
  3. United Nations Economic Commission For Europe (2017)
  4. Fox M.A (2000)
  5. Wrapson R. (2009)
  6. Fox M.A (2000)

Author: Aldona Pająk