Experimental research

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Experimental research
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Experimental research are the methods that provide tools for research. Their use may involve the need for change or extension with concerning to their traditional functions to adapt to changes.According to K. Sprinagesh, "Experimenting is a try, to look for, to confirm"[1]. They have appeared over the centuries and have a very long tradition in the history of education[2]. The goal of each experiment is to collect data that then needs to be processed to get conclusions or analyzed. The four ways to collect data are[3]:

  • surveys
  • observation
  • experiment
  • computer simulation

Logic of inference in experimental research

The task of each test that is performed, and in particular experimental research, is to conclude from the observed or recorded test results. The conclusions may be instructions or arguments. Logic gives the researcher norms to recognize correct and wrong thinking and also develops the habit of analyzing thoughts and carefully distinguishing conclusions from the evidence. According to K. Sprinagesh, "Developing proficiency in various aspects of logic is difficult and time-consuming"[4]. The function of an experimental researcher is to conclude from experimental results or evidence. He should not ignore the benefits of testing logic. The evidence that the experimental researcher gathers justifies his proposal[5].

Experimental methods via the internet

In the era of the Internet, in which there was an amazing increase in the use of this tool for both communication and trade, it was also very popular to conduct experimental research via the Internet. Unique technological possibilities provide such an opportunity. Advantages of using the Internet compared to traditional survey media such as a telephone conversation or face-to-face conversation are e.g., potentially fast return and response times, low cost of fieldwork, and the possibility of very large samples. The procedures used to manage Internet surveys are different from those used in other methods. It is likely that the speed of response also varies[6].

Experimental research in accounting

Most research programs aim to explain why something is happening. Archival research studies phenomena such as, for example, stock market reactions to accounting information. These are the phenomena of interest. Experimental research uses various methods that help indicate that transparent disclosure policies affect a company's lower cost of capital. Archival research is supplemented by experimental research in three ways. The first way is that experimental researchers can exclude alternative explanations by manipulating independent variables by assigning participants to experimental treatments. Secondly, using experimental data, researchers can study variables not available in archival studies. The third way is to create situations using experimental research that is not possible in the real world. Experimental research introduced into the institution allows us to isolate important variables and eliminate all foreign variables[7].

References

Footnotes

  1. Srinagesh A.(2011)
  2. Ross S. M.(2004)
  3. Srinagesh A.(2011)
  4. Srinagesh K.(2011)
  5. Srinagesh K.(2011)
  6. Brennan M.(1999)
  7. Bloomfield R.(2009)

Author: Agnieszka Kurbiel