New paradigm

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New paradigm
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New paradigm is a group of new beliefs that replace old set, which is believed no longer to apply. The term is used in different meanings depending on the area where is used,

New paradigm in financial markets

The new paradigm in investment is usually referred to important changes on the market that lead to development of new investment strategies. Such a paradigm shift happens after every large speculative bubble. In early 2000s the dotcom speculative bubble created new paradigm saying that dotcom companies won't grow forever. Other speculative bubble on subprime mortgage in middle of 2000s lead to crisis and new paradigm saying that markets are never on uninterruptible path of growth. What's interesting, the same paradigm was found after 1930s crisis. However, as scientific research show, memory of investors is usually no longer than 2 years back.

New paradigm in education

Current paradigm in education, which was developed during the industrial age, where higher education was unaffordable, forces students to learn specific amount of knowledge in specific amount of time like for example in one academic term. This approach in fact is not taking into consideration that one student can learn slower than the other. When this kind situation take place, faster learning students are simply getting bored. On the other hand, slower learners can be frustrated that even though they didn't understand all the current material yet, they have to step forward to learn new things, especially if that new content is related to one that they didn't have chance to mastered. New paradigm in education means that we can't force students to learn new knowledge or skills before they master current material and at the same time we can't force more talented, faster learning students to wait for other groups or individuals who need more time to accumulate current knowledge. New system of education can be able to segment students into similar groups[1].

New paradigm in manufacturing industry

Social manufacturing can be an example of new paradigm in manufacturing industry. This paradigm shift from current state of manufacturing process to social manufacturing is emerging from appearing new technological companies, amazing adoption of mobile technologies, social networks and other tech around us. Social manufacturing means that customers can have direct impact on manufacturing process. We can find two kinds of social manufacturing. First is when people can create, for example design, products along with manufacturers, but in that kind of social manufacturing manufacturers are still owning manufacturing process. We also have second kind of social manufacturing where customers can even design, create and eventually manufacture products using public manufacturing platforms. This new paradigm is enhanced by for example 3D printing technology or customers’ hyper-customization needs[2].

New paradigm in entrepreneurship

With entering into startup era new kind of fast-growth companies emerged. This kind of companies to be able to scale faster than "older" competition introduced new paradigms in their sectors. As an example, we can show companies which are changing whole industries, developing solutions based only on tech like Uber which is one of the biggest transportation companies in the world and neither have no cars nor employees. Another company worth mentioning is AirBnB which can be called “the world’s greatest hotel chain”[3] but owning no hotels. Banking is changed by new kind of fin-tech companies like Revolut or N26 which are completely mobile banks and have no physical locations.

Examples of New paradigm

  1. In business, the new paradigm is the move from traditional hierarchical business models to flatter, more decentralized models. This shift is driven by the increased use of technology and the emergence of new business models such as the “gig economy” and “platform capitalism.”
  2. In healthcare, the new paradigm is the move from a reactive model of care, which focuses on treating illnesses after they occur, to a proactive model of care that focuses on preventing illness and promoting wellness. This shift is driven by advances in technology, changes in healthcare delivery, and an increased focus on patient-centered care.
  3. In education, the new paradigm is the move from traditional classroom-based instruction to more personalized, technology-driven learning models. This shift is driven by the increased availability of digital resources and the need to meet the needs of a diverse student population.
  4. In politics, the new paradigm is the move from traditional top-down governance models to more decentralized, participatory models. This shift is driven by the emergence of new technologies, such as the internet, and the need to address complex global challenges.

Advantages of New paradigm

A new paradigm can offer a variety of advantages:

  • A new paradigm provides an opportunity to adopt fresh ideas and move away from the traditional way of thinking. This can help to encourage innovation and create new solutions to existing problems.
  • By introducing new paradigms, organizations can become more agile and responsive to changing market conditions. This can help them stay ahead of the competition and remain competitive in the long-term.
  • A new paradigm can provide an opportunity to build better relationships with customers and stakeholders by understanding their needs and responding to them more effectively.
  • It can also help to build a more collaborative working environment, where employees are encouraged to work together to solve problems and develop new products and services.
  • Finally, introducing new paradigms can help to build a culture of continuous improvement, where employees are continually looking for new ways to improve processes and services.

Limitations of New paradigm

New paradigms often come with certain limitations that should be taken into consideration. These limitations can range from practical to philosophical and include the following:

  • First, new paradigms often require a shift in thinking and a change in behavior, which can be difficult to achieve. This is especially true when the new paradigm is in conflict with existing beliefs and values.
  • Second, new paradigms can be costly and time-consuming to implement, as they usually require new infrastructure and resources.
  • Third, the success of a new paradigm can be difficult to predict, as its long-term effects can be hard to measure.
  • Fourth, new paradigms can lead to unintended consequences and can have a destabilizing impact on existing systems.
  • Finally, new paradigms can be difficult to understand and explain, and can be met with resistance from those who are invested in the old way of doing things.

Other approaches related to New paradigm

There are several approaches related to the New paradigm that are used to describe and analyze the current changes in various areas. These are:

  • Systems Thinking - Systems Thinking is a holistic approach that takes into account the interconnectedness of different elements in a system. It is used to identify patterns, interactions and feedback processes.
  • Network Thinking - Network Thinking is a way of understanding and managing the complexities of a system by considering the relationships among its different elements. It is based on the idea that the behavior of a system can be better understood by examining the interactions between its components.
  • Emergence - Emergence is a concept that seeks to explain how complex systems can arise from simple components. It suggests that complex systems can emerge from the interactions between individual elements.
  • Co-evolution - Co-evolution is the idea that systems are constantly changing and adapting in response to each other. It is based on the idea that the behavior of a system can be better understood by looking at the interactions between its components.

In summary, the New paradigm is a group of new beliefs that replace old set, which is believed no longer to apply. The term is used in different meanings depending on the area where is used, and includes approaches such as Systems Thinking, Network Thinking, Emergence, and Co-evolution. These approaches seek to explain how complex systems can arise from simple components and how they can evolve over time.



  1. C. M. Reigeluth (2011)
  2. B. Mohajeri (2014)
  3. B. Mohajeri (2014)

Author: Paulina Baczyńska