Activity center is the urban area used by the subset of design, planning, implementation of various purposes, which concentrates some functions (e.g. Business, shopping, recreation) and therefore attracts a large number of people. We can distinguish "central action districts". We also use the term center of activity when talking about multifunctional development. Planning and design is designed to examine the differences between activity centers, to obtain information about them. It can be emphasized that research does not determine the effects of subsequent management of a given area. However, it is difficult to determine the effects but problems often occur during this process. During the activity center process, various types of prototypes are used to combine variables, which often becomes weakness .
Types of activity centers
There are several types of activity centers:
- business activity center - concentrates offices, banks, business services, sometimes also business parks, aims to integrate employees, motivate them to raise their qualifications, expand their existing knowledge. It is based on the overall development of the entire business sector and planning beneficial changes in the future.
- shopping activity center - concentrates large number of shops, usually also services, movie theaters, restaurants, cetra entertainment. They encourage potential clients to take advantage of services, offers, and various types of promotions, thereby gaining profits. In addition, a well-served customer returns and recommends us to other consumers.
- recreation activity center - concentrates parks, recreation facilities, zoos, water parks, amusement parks, etc. Nowadays, people are focused on work and daily duties and therefore need free time in their spare time. They use the facilities that offer the above-mentioned recreation .
Activity centers in large cities
The contemporary trend is removal of the private transportation from the city center. Instead, city centers are being converted into large activity centers that contain shops, restaurants, cafeterias, offices, leisure places, small parks, etc. This kind of centers has less business meaning, and more social. People can meet and spend time together. Very many significant European cities in their existing activity zones are beginning to attach importance to reducing the number of cars. For a smaller number of combustion vehicles in urban centers, a very large, beneficial impact on the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere follows. The authorities introduce bans for moving private cars in designated areas so that residents are forced to use public transport, which are already very much focused on ecology and environmental protection. Of course, these provisions have exceptions for residents residing in this area and suppliers supplying the local market. Thus, the city becomes more "eco". The city and the authorities, in order to implement such exacerbations, must demonstrate a very strong and specific approach and ensure improved road connections for public transport. Without this, one can expect dissatisfaction of public opinion and negative effects that will have a bad impact on the development of the entire city .
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Author: Mariola Goc