Characteristics of organization
- Organization in an attributive meaning as a feature and synonym of "organized" word. We can say that someone is well-organized therefore this person can organize something very good.
- Organization in a substantive meaning as a thing or entity composed of a few consistent with themselves parts. For example, the synonym of "organization" word in this meaning is institution.
- Organization in a functional meaning as a creating some function, using some task for organization something
In science of society category (sociology, psychology) organization is deliberate and consistency group of people which is by a set of rules, conditions and cooperation between each other aims to a specific goal. That organization can works well, very important is to this social group was aware of rules and requirements applicable, to create connections and good relationship between members of this group.
In a classic organization meaning, organization is a bureaucratic form. Characteristics of this form are:
- Hierarchy (the lower level is depend of the higher, and the highest have an authorities about the whole,
- Division of labor and task between members according to referred to vertical,
- Information make easier a good cooperation,
- A specify information flow (employee shall inform an employer),
- A person in a medium level, do not inform person in a low level to avoid additionally difficulties or keep this information for themselves because information is power,
- The cooperation is restricted so it is meaning that has separate elements which should be done and at the end segregate and merge so various person do not have information about goal of task.
Current forms of organization
- Administrative (activity which include public tasks. Administrations we can also mean like institution which cooperate themselves and are connected).
- Economic (like a system of public institutions or private like as farm, industrial and home holding, which satisfies requirements some society).
- Public (meaning as public social organization which haves ability to taking part in civil, administrative or court-administrative procedures).
- Politics (For example, political party which as an organization have specify political program by which they want to obtain an authority and power).
- Non-profit (organization which do not heading to make a profit but have a goal to help in a private or public sector without earning money). 
- Religious (a religious organization meaning like a community. Specify relations between society or entity and a "God area").
- Military (organization composed of services and troops to heading an armed forces and protect country and citizens).
Tasks and goals of organizations
Tasks and goals of organization can be include in product and marketplace services and clients. Organizations have to do specify contracts to realize concrete goal. This organizations are characterized by responsibility and is heading to get a success. Designed a main goal to activity which is related with strategy conceptions. For example, they prepare a new activity to achieve some strategy or prepare a goals to achieve already existing strategy .There are goals like:
- Officials goals, which are usually general are aimed to get attention all entity to encourage and get attaching to organization. It is serve to specify operations goals
- Operations goals, which are disseminate by some specific programs, procedures and activity. They specify requirement from concrete person and entity of organization, so influence on functioning of organization.
Examples of Characteristics of organization
- Organizational Culture: This is the set of shared values, beliefs and norms that guide the behavior of the organization’s members. A strong organizational culture can help to create a sense of unity and purpose amongst employees, and can help to attract and retain talent. Examples include Google’s focus on innovation and Apple’s emphasis on design and quality.
- Organizational Structure: This is the formal framework that outlines the way in which the organization is divided into different sections and departments, and how they interact with one another. Examples include hierarchical structures, matrix structures, and flat structures.
- Organizational Goals: These are the objectives that the organization is trying to achieve. Examples include increasing revenue, improving customer service, and increasing employee satisfaction.
- Organizational Strategy: This is the plan of action that the organization will take in order to achieve their goals. Examples include developing new product lines, entering new markets, and investing in research and development.
- Organizational Resources: These are the resources that the organization has available to it, such as financial capital, human capital, and physical capital. Examples include money, skilled labor, and office equipment.
- Organizational Leadership: This is the leadership style and behavior that the organization’s leaders display. Examples include participative leadership, autocratic leadership, and democratic leadership.
Advantages of Characteristics of organization
Introduction: Characteristics of organization can provide businesses with a variety of advantages.
- It allows a business to communicate its mission and values to employees and customers, helping to build a sense of identity and purpose.
- It allows a business to make decisions more efficiently by making clear who has the authority to make decisions and who is responsible for what tasks.
- It provides structure and order to the business, allowing for smoother operations and more efficient use of resources.
- It also allows for more effective communication between departments and employees, encouraging collaboration and helping to resolve conflicts.
- It provides an opportunity for businesses to develop a competitive advantage, as well as find new markets and opportunities for growth.
- It allows for more effective resource allocation, which can help a business achieve its goals more quickly and cost-effectively.
Limitations of Characteristics of organization
Introduction: The characteristics of an organization come with some limitations.
- Limited Resources: Organizations have limited resources, such as time, money, and materials, which restrict their ability to achieve their goals.
- Lack of Coordination: Organizations are made up of many different people, and they may not always work together. This can lead to confusion and difficulty in achieving the organization’s goals.
- Varying Levels of Commitment: Employees in an organization may not all be equally committed to the organization’s mission and objectives. This can lead to a lack of focus and a lack of progress.
- Unclear Policies and Procedures: Without clear policies and procedures in place, organizations may not be able to effectively and efficiently reach their goals.
- Changing Priorities: Organizations can have different priorities at different times, which can lead to confusion and difficulty in achieving their goals.
- Inflexibility: Organizations can be rigid and inflexible, which can make it difficult to adapt to changing circumstances and to respond quickly to new challenges.
- Lack of Accountability: Organizations can lack accountability, which can lead to employees not taking responsibility for their actions and not being held accountable for their performance.
In this context, Characteristics of Organization can be divided into three categories:
- Technical Characteristics: This refers to the technical knowledge and abilities of the organization, its capacity for innovation, and its resources.
- Structural Characteristics: This includes the organization's structure, the roles of the personnel, and the processes used to carry out tasks.
- Cultural Characteristics: This refers to the collective behaviors, beliefs, values, and norms shared by the organization's members.
These characteristics determine how an organization functions and can help to identify areas of strength and weakness. Additionally, they are important for the development of an effective workplace culture and the achievement of organizational objectives. In summary, Characteristics of Organization is a broad concept which covers a wide range of elements that are important in the functioning of an organization.
|Characteristics of organization — recommended articles|
|Organizational systems — Goals of organization — Development and organizational balance — Informal groups — Change management model — Strategic intent — Beam of objectives theory — Organizational progress — Administrative management|
- Fredrickson J. W. (1986). The Strategic Decision Process and Organizational Structure "Academy of Management Review"
- Karlene H. R. (1990). Some Characteristics of One Type of High Reliability Organization "Organization Science" p. 160-176
- Ming-Cheng L., Yen-Chun Ch. (2012). Self-Efficacy, Effort, Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention: The Effect of Personal Characteristics on Organization Performance "International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology"
- Qian Y., Roland G., Chenggang X. (1999) Why is China different from Eastern Europe? Perspectives from organization theory "European Economic Review" p. 1085-1094
- Sameer K., Malegeant P. (2006). Strategic alliance in a closed-loop supply chain, a case of manufacturer and eco-non-profit organization "Technovation" p. 1127-1135
- Towler A. J., Dipboye R. L. (2001). Effects of trainer expressiveness, organization, and trainee goal orientation on training outcomes "Journal of Applied Psychology" p. 664-673
- Wei Z., Baiyin Y., Gary N. M. (2010). Linking organizational culture, structure, strategy, and organizational effectiveness: Mediating role of knowledge management "Journal of Business Research" p. 763-771
- Towler A. J., Dipboye R. L. (2001).
- Sameer K., Malegeant P. (2006).
- Qian Y., Roland G., Chenggang X. (1999)
Author: Justyna Chłopek