Coastal tourism and marine tourism includes: travel and leisure on domestic and foreign ships, ferries and yachts, sea transport and coastal shipping and sightseeing, sea and coastal sailing cruises. Maritime tourism is a type of tourism including seagoing tours, coastal shipping, sailing, kayaking and underwater tourism (diving).
Maritime tourism include all trips on sea and near the coast line on cruise ships, built specifically for this purpose, linear ships, sail boats and shipping vessels used in short coastal trips.
Types of coastal and marine tourism
The criteria for the division of marine tourism:
- duration (short-term and long-term)
- distance to destinations (near and far sea journeys,)
- place of origin of tourists (domestic and foreign maritime tourism)
- way of practising (maritime specialty tourism qualified and unqualified, organized and unorganized),
Forms of marine tourism
Forms of marine and coastal tourism:
- seagoing trips,
- sailing the sea,
- passenger coastal shipping,
- ferry shipping,
- underwater tourism.
Characteristics of sea cruises
- healing cruises offering rest and treatment at sea, qualified medical care, the medicinal properties of climate, clean sea air, sunbathing, water and exercise,
- school cruises integrates process of acquiring knowledge with an interesting form of trips offshore, giving the opportunity to see what was the subject of a lecture at the school; such cruises complement the school curriculum, as well as increase the efficiency of teaching,
- mini cruises - popular and inexpensive form of 2-4 day cruises, are also advertising for longer sea trips,
- combined cruises - connecting sea shipping with other modes of transport - air, road, rail; carried on a single ticket,
- All inclusive cruises - passenger cruises on big linear ships; offering benefits and various services on board, sightseeing tours, and often a few days' stay on the land in destination port,
- cruises on ferries (passenger and car) allows tourists to break the sea trip and continue voyage by car or by bus from destination port inland.
Examples of Coastal tourism
- Cruise Tourism: Cruise tourism is a type of coastal tourism that involves taking a cruise ship vacation to visit multiple destinations. Popular cruise destinations are typically coastal locations, such as the Caribbean, Mediterranean, or Alaska. Cruise ships often offer onboard entertainment, such as live music, comedy shows, and dance performances, as well as activities such as swimming, snorkeling, and shore excursions.
- Beach Tourism: Beach tourism is a type of coastal tourism that involves visiting beaches in coastal areas. Popular beach destinations include the Caribbean, Hawaii, the Mediterranean, and the Florida Keys. Popular activities include sunbathing, swimming, surfing, kayaking, and snorkeling.
- Eco-Tourism: Eco-tourism is a type of coastal tourism that focuses on preserving the natural environment and wildlife. Popular eco-tourism destinations include national parks, nature reserves, and marine conservation areas. Activities typically include bird watching, whale watching, and taking guided tours.
- Fishing Tourism: Fishing tourism is a type of coastal tourism that involves fishing in various coastal locations. Popular fishing destinations include lakes, rivers, and coastal areas. Popular activities include fly fishing, sport fishing, and trolling.
Advantages of Coastal tourism
Coastal tourism offers a variety of advantages to travelers, allowing them to experience the beauty and culture of the coastal areas with ease. These advantages include:
- Accessibility: Coastal tourism areas are generally easier to access than other tourist destinations, allowing visitors to experience different cultures and lifestyles with minimal effort.
- Variety of activities: Coastal tourism areas offer a variety of activities to suit all tastes, from relaxing on the beach or exploring local villages, to sailing and kayaking.
- Affordable: Coastal tourism areas are often more affordable than other tourist destinations, making them a great choice for travelers looking for a budget-friendly vacation.
- Natural beauty: Coastal areas are some of the most beautiful places on earth, with stunning beaches, crystal clear waters, and stunning sunsets.
- Local culture: Coastal tourism areas often have unique local cultures that are distinct from other regions, allowing visitors to experience a different side of the country.
Limitations of Coastal tourism
- Coastal tourism can be expensive due to the cost of fuel, maintenance, and other necessary materials for maritime vessels.
- Coastal tourism can cause disruption to the local environment due to the presence of large vessels or increased foot traffic that may damage sensitive habitats.
- Coastal tourism can be dangerous due to unpredictable weather and sea conditions.
- Coastal tourism can be difficult to achieve in remote areas due to the lack of infrastructure and transportation options.
- Coastal tourism can be disruptive to local communities due to increased noise, traffic and pollution.
- Coastal tourism can have a negative impact on local cultures and customs due to the influx of foreign tourists.
Coastal tourism is a form of tourism that includes activities such as boating, sailing, kayaking, and swimming in coastal waters. Other approaches related to Coastal tourism include:
- Beach tourism, which involves enjoying the sun, sand, and surf of coastal beaches.
- Eco-tourism, which involves visiting natural coastal habitats and actively engaging in activities such as bird watching, fishing, and whale watching.
- Cruise tourism, which involves traveling by boat on a cruise ship along the coast.
- Adventure tourism, which involves activities such as surfing, snorkeling, and scuba diving.
In conclusion, Coastal tourism involves activities such as boating, sailing, kayaking, and swimming in coastal waters, as well as beach tourism, eco-tourism, cruise tourism, and adventure tourism.