Transport is a process that results in the displacement of people, things and energy, in order to satisfy various needs and desires of individuals. The effect of transport is the transport service provided in space. Transport can take place both within one country and between different countries.
In accordance with the VAT Act (art. 83. par.3, point 1) by international transport should be understood as the movement of goods between countries excluding EU Member States. This means that transport between Poland and Spain will not be international transport and intra-Community transport. This definition applies to the transport of goods. According to the Act, international transport concerns the movement of goods:
- from the place of departure (posting) on the territory of the country to the place of arrival (destination) outside the territory of the European Union,
- from the place of departure (dispatch) outside the territory of the European Union to the place of arrival (destination) on the territory of the country,
- from the place of departure (sending) outside the territory of the European Union to the place of arrival (destination) outside the territory of the European Union, if the route runs on a certain section through the territory of the country (transit),
- from the place of departure (departure) to the territory of a Member State other than the territory of the country to the place of arrival outside the European Union or from the place of departure outside the territory of the European Union to the place of arrival (destination) in the territory of a Member State other than the territory of the country, if the route passes a certain section through the territory of the country;
In the case of passenger transport in paragraph 3 point 2 it is mentioned that international transport of people is the movement of people:
- from the place of departure on the territory of the country to the place of arrival outside the territory of the country,
- from the place of departure outside the territory of the country to the place of arrival on the territory of the country,
- from the place of departure outside the territory of the country to the place of arrival outside the territory of the country, if the route runs on a certain section through the territory of the country (transit);
Transport, regardless of whether international or domestic, has a number of functions in relation to individuals and individual state authorities. These are economic, political, social and production functions. Transport supports the sphere of life which is production and exchange. He is responsible for the movement of raw materials and semi-shells to production sites and the displacement of the finished product from the place of production to the place of receipt. In the case of political and social functions, transport is responsible for maintaining good interpersonal relations. Thanks to it, you can better understand other cultures and societies (their problems and habits). Currently, transport also allows for cultural exchange and the exchange of goods and services between individuals and countries. Residents have the chance not only to get to know other, distant or foreign cultures but also have the opportunity to use their achievements. In everyday life, we are able to move from the place of work to the place of residence by means of transport. Well-developed transport, both land, air and sea, is very often an indicator of wealth and the degree of development of the country. As a result, this translates into a change in the country's position in the international arena and may affect economic, social or national prestige.
It is worth mentioning that in the economic dimension, transport also ensures the possibility of widespread dissemination of sales and purchase of goods, integrates the economy of the country with the international economy and enables industrial cooperation on a global scale.
The objectives of international transport
There are many main reasons why individual countries decide to strengthen their ties in the case of transport policy. The main impulses of such actions include:
- modernization of transport,
- transport development,
- creating systems that will affect economic prosperity.
These are long-term goals. However, to achieve them, it is necessary to develop and implement smaller goals whose task will be to achieve the overarching goals. Activities that are to help in the implementation of the above-mentioned main goals include:
- supporting the development of competition;
- counteracting the monopoly in the transport sector;
- caring for transport safety through the use of modern methods;
- development of transport nodes.
In international transport, shipping is also an important element. It is a service through which the transfer of cargo from the sender to the recipient is organized, using appropriate means and means of transport. A forwarder is responsible for such actions. The forwarder is tasked to work for his clients who entrust him with loads and goods. His task is to choose the best service that meets the needs of his clients. It is possible thanks to our own network of contacts and knowledge of the transport market. The Freight Forwarder provides services on behalf of the ordering person. These are services provided for a fee.
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