The concept of local government can be defined in organizational, material and formal terms. From the first point of view administration is all entities acting on behalf of state, from material point of view it is operational matters of state, and from the formal point of view - all activities carried out by government entities.
Tasks of local government
Tasks of local government can vary depending on the jurisdiction, but some common tasks include providing services such as education, public transportation, waste management, and emergency services; maintaining and improving infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and public buildings; and making and enforcing local laws and regulations. Local governments may also be responsible for managing land use and zoning, promoting economic development, and providing social services to their communities.
The legal basis for local administration existence is Constitution of State and the laws. Contained in the preamble to the Constitution is the rule of principle of subsidiarity. It request the creation of such a regime, to the role of State in meeting the needs of individual and social is boiled down to a minimum.
The principle of decentralization of public authority, in turn, requires the transfer of a large number of possible public tasks by ensuring legal right of independence and of the necessary means. Work of local administration is monitored by voivode, who is representative of state administration.
- Gray, A., & Jenkins, B. (1995). From public administration to public management: reassessing a revolution?. Public administration, 73(1), 75-99.
- Rhodes, R. A. W. (1981). Control and power in central-local government relations. Gower and Brookfield VT: Ashgate.
- Stoker, G. (1991). The politics of local government. Macmillan.