Logistics system

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The components of enterprise logistics system are:

  • goal - taking into account the functioning of all subsystems,
  • results of operation (products or services, after-sales service and post-warranty services),
  • inputs (mainly raw materials, intermediate products, energy, information and people)
  • processing (changes in physical or chemical properties, installation)
  • environment - shaped especially by suppliers, customers, business
  • used equipment, such as: buildings, machinery and equipment, vehicles, human resources (the number and structure of employees, qualification).

Depending on the production, service or the nature of the business, there may be differences in the shape of each listed logistics system components.

On the basis of the main functions performed in the various stages of the flow of goods and accompanying information in the logistic system enterprises can extract several subsystems:


  • Andersson, P., Aronsson, H., & Storhagen, N. G. (1989). Measuring logistics performance. Engineering Costs and Production Economics, 17(1-4), 253-262.
  • Barad, M., & Sapir, D. E. (2003). Flexibility in logistic systems—modeling and performance evaluation. International Journal of Production Economics, 85(2), 155-170.
  • Bowersox, D. J., Closs, D. J., & Cooper, M. B. (2002). Supply chain logistics management (Vol. 2). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.