Phases of team creation

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Phases of team creation are steps undertaken by managers before introducing teamwork within organization. The following seven steps scheme serves as the tool for the manager who intends to build a team.

1. Define goals

The basis is the definition of what the company wants to obtain by creating a team, what are the specific expectations, what are the priorities. It is necessary to clearly articulate and record goals for team to achieve.

2. Identify resources

You should consider whether you have the people, capital, infrastructure, time and information on the necessary level; and ways of obtaining scarce resources.

3. Specify procedures for team work

Do business team is to be continuous or temporary? Do teamwork is the only or additional occupation for the people that make up the team? What are the challenges facing the team, and where to start? How far the team can intervene in the work of the company?

4. Specify the methods of motivation

You should develop a system of rewards provided for employees for specific performance of the team - remembering that all members should be rewarded and that participation in a team can never be treated as punishment (for example: work outside the normative working time, giving additional responsibilities, etc.).

5. Determine ways to assess the performance of the team

First of all, you should develop a system of evaluation and inform team members of applicable criteria prior to the start of the work. Evaluation of the effects of actions of the group and individual is an extremely difficult task, so it must be very specifically prepared and tested before introduction.

6. Select members of the team

Group members can not be accidental, involuntary and enforced through the existing employment structure. Criteria for the selection of members shall flow from the tasks assigned, personal suitability and their competence.

7. Select the leader (leaders)

Effective action requires a leader who will coordinate the work, delegate tasks, solve conflicts and provide information. The role of a leader, like any role in the team, should fall to the right person - having characteristics that contribute to the rapid integration of the group. The leader may be appointed or determined naturally.

References

  • Cohen, P. R., & Levesque, H. J. (1991). Teamwork. Nous, 25(4), 487-512.
  • Larson, C. E., & LaFasto, F. M. (1989). Teamwork: What must go right/what can go wrong (Vol. 10). Sage.
  • Salas, E., Sims, D. E., & Burke, C. S. (2005). Is there a “Big Five” in teamwork?. Small group research, 36(5), 555-599.
  • Tambe, M. (1997). Towards flexible teamwork. Journal of artificial intelligence research, 83-124.