In carrying out transport operations to manage, control, monitor, and provide relevant information managers use various shipping documents. The basic division of these documents is the division of documents relating to the domestic and foreign transport. Because of the way the carriage we differentiate between transport documents in maritime transport, inland waterway, air, and land. Maritime transport documents are:
- Bill of lading - is a key document in the sea carriage states that the goods have been received and loaded onto a vessel. It defines the place of shipment, carrier information needed to deliver the service.
There are the following forms of bill of lading:
- Personal Bill of Lading - which is an indispensable instrument.
- The bill of lading to order - is a disposable instrument. This means that it can be transmitted to others through endorsement, that statement holder that persists with its rights to a specified person.
- The bill of lading to bearer – it attaches right to receive the goods from the vessel to the owner of the bill of lading.
The rest of the documents in Maritime transport are:
- Charter - it is a contract for the carriage of bulk cargoes tramp shipping, or irregular.
- Booking Note – it is confirmation of the contract of carriage, if there is no Charter
- Skipper receipt is a document issued by the consignor after the cargo is on the ship.
- Dock receipt- is a confirmation of receipt of goods by the shipper
- Carriage Receipt - is a confirmation of acceptance of shipment by the shipowner in coastal shipping or shipping of small shipments in the ocean.
Inland transport apply to such documents as: The Rail Bill of lading is a contract for carriage which was concluded at the time when the rail road adopted the shipment and devise it station stamp.
- International consignment note (CIM) - consists of five copies and should be issued in the language of origin, but with the translation into French, German or Italian.
In air transport, there are two types of contracts:
- The contract for the carriage of small cargo (cargo)
Charter agreement, if rented the entire capacity of the aircraft for the flight to a particular place.
- Laryea, E. T. (2000). Paperless Shipping Documents: An Australian Perspective. Tul. Mar. LJ, 25, 255.