To the waybill the sender must attach the documents specified in the special regulations. If this is not possible, the sender provides them in the appropriate place and time required. In the waybill should be given information about the types of documents attached, or the time and place of their submission. Value of the shipment must be declared, if the value of the shipment is no due to the supplier's or seller account, nor with the current price list.
As opposed to the bill of lading, waybill can not be traded as a security. In the implementation of standardized, common transport waybill may be substituted for the contract of carriage.
AWB/MAWB/HAWB (Air Waybill/Master Air Waybill/House Air Waybill)
MAWB (Master Air Waybill) is the cumulative waybills for all consignments statements. HAWB (House Air Waybill) is the document used for the single consolidated shipment. A consolidated shipment is a combination of several smaller consignments in the same direction in one more load. For each consolidated load separate waybill (HAWB) is drawn and a collective letter in which the sender is a forwarder, and recipient is forwarder who split consolidated cargo to separated loads and sends them to separate recipients. The carrier has access only to consolidated waybill MAWB.
Examples of Waybill
- A waybill from a freight company would include information such as the origin and destination of the shipment, the date of shipment, the type of shipment (air, sea, land, etc.), the weight and dimensions of the shipment, the value of the shipment, any special instructions, and the contact information for the shipper and recipient.
- A waybill from a courier company would include additional information such as the method of payment, the tracking number, the estimated delivery date, and any special instructions to the delivery driver.
- A waybill from a customs broker would include information such as the origin and destination of the shipment, the type of shipment (air, sea, land, etc.), the value of the shipment, the weight and dimensions of the shipment, the mode of transport, the estimated delivery date, the type of cargo (hazardous, perishable, etc.), and the contact information for the shipper, customs broker, and recipient.
Advantages of Waybill
A waybill is a document used to track goods being shipped from one place to another. It has a number of advantages, including:
- It allows for easy tracking of goods, allowing shippers and receivers to keep track of their shipment. This makes it easier to locate lost or delayed shipments.
- It also provides an accurate record of the shipment and its contents, which can be used for disputes or insurance purposes.
- It helps to reduce paperwork, as all the details of the shipment can be recorded in one place.
- It also helps to ensure that all taxes and duties are paid correctly, as the shipper and receiver can provide the required information in the waybill.
- Additionally, it provides an audit trail, allowing for an accurate accounting of the shipment and its contents. This can be especially useful for high-value shipments.
Limitations of Waybill
A waybill is used to provide information about the shipment, but it does not include all necessary details. The following limitations should be noted:
- The waybill does not bring to the carrier the obligation to deliver the goods to the named address.
- The waybill does not guarantee that the goods will be delivered in a certain period of time.
- The waybill does not guarantee that the goods will be delivered in good condition, unless the shipper and the carrier have agreed on a certain degree of responsibility for the goods.
- The waybill does not provide any insurance for the goods, and the shipper is responsible for any losses or damage to the goods not covered by the carrier’s liability.
- The waybill does not guarantee that the goods will be delivered to the correct destination.
- The waybill does not provide any information about the exact cost of the shipment.
- The waybill does not require the payment of duties and taxes, which are additional obligations of the shipper.
In addition to attaching the necessary documents to the waybill, there are other approaches that can be used to ensure that the shipment is properly documented. These include:
- Ensuring that all necessary documentation is included in the shipment, such as commercial invoices, packing lists, and other forms required by customs.
- Completing the waybill with accurate and complete information, including the sender and recipient’s contact details, the type of goods being shipped, the value of the shipment, and the shipping terms.
- Submitting any necessary documents to customs or other government agencies in a timely manner.
- Obtaining any necessary permits or licenses for the shipment.
In conclusion, a waybill should be completed accurately and all necessary documents must be included to ensure that the shipment is properly documented. Furthermore, any necessary permits or licenses should be obtained and any documents required by customs should be submitted in a timely manner.
- WAYBILL, IATA AIR. Air Waybill standards. Internationail Air Transport Association, Montreal (2010)
- Cane, T., Mattheis, S., Tsoukos, G., Focas, C., & Koliousis, I. (2012). The e-Freight multimodal e-Waybill, "e-Freight" 2012.
- Malfliet, J. (2011). Incoterms 2010 and the mode of transport: how to choose the right term. Management Challenges in the 21st Century: Transport and Logistics: Opportunity for Slovakia in the Era of Knowledge Economy, Proceedinngs, Bratislava, Slovakia, 163-179.
- Hoeks, M. (2010). Multimodal Transport Law: The law applicable to the multimodal contract for the carriage of goods (Vol. 6). Kluwer Law International.