Types of organizational culture

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Types of organizational culture
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Companies develop culture as they evolve and this culture is often influenced by the location and society in which the company is located. In recent times the difference in organizational culture is narrowing mainly because of technology. Widely observed organizational cultures are[1]:

  1. Clan Culture – It is a family-like or tribe-like type of corporate environment that emphasizes consensus and commonality of goals and values. They are the most collaborative and the least competitive of the four models.
  2. Adhocracy culture – It is a flexible, adaptable and informal form of organization that is defined by a lack of formal structure. It operates in an opposite fashion to a bureaucracy.
  3. Market Culture - It is a type of corporate culture that emphasizes competitiveness not only between the organization and its market competitors but also between employees. The market model is the most aggressive and capitalistic of the four.
  4. Hierarchy Culture – It is an organizational model based on clearly defined corporate levels and structures. In this items are ranked according to their levels of importance.


  1. "Types of organisational culture" (1999) by Maurice B. Line, published by: MCB UP Ltd.