John Stuart Mill

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John Stuart Mill was born in 1806 in London, died in 1873 in Avignon, France. He was the creator of a reformist concept concerning the interference of the state. The functions of the state should not be restricted to the role of "state-policeman", it should fulfill some role at a point when the competition mechanisms seem to be insufficient to achieve social progress.

Social progress

Mill was of the opinion that the main aim of human activity should be the continuation of social progress, not the search for progress at any cost. Mill defines the progress in terms of the increase of knowledge, better protection of citizens and property, the changes to the tax system, the avoidance of war and the more effective employment of the citizens, among others.

Connection capital - Labour

The progress has an influence on the development of a society, which is not based on the conflict of interests between social groups, but on the "joint benefits". It can be achieved by strong social mobility, which could enable the labourer to become an employer; and in particular by the phenomenon, which is currently called the connection capital-labour (Mill wrote about the association of labourers and employers).

Major works

  • Essays on some usettled questions of political economy (1844)
  • Principles of political economy (1848)
  • Utilitarianism (1864)
  • On liberty (1865)

See also:


Author: Sławomir Pytel