Areas of knowledge

Areas of knowledge
Primary topic
Related topics
Methods and techniques

What is knowledge?

"Knowledge is a structured and interpreted set of information. The ability to use, modify and create knowledge is wisdom." Such a definition can be given on the basis of the article (Markus L. M., 2001)[1].

The processing of knowledge consists of 4 stages[2]:

Data -> Information -> Knowledge -> Wisdom.

Areas of knowledge can also be called body of knowledge and consist of the most important information and data about management processes[3].

Types of areas of knowledge[edit]

There are many types of areas of knowledge which can be used is knowledge management and develop in company to improve creativity and innovativeness of employees. Ancient scholars distinguished following areas[4]:

  • mathematics
  • natural sciences (natural philosophy)
  • history
  • the arts
  • ethics

Mathematics

This field of science is based on the basic assumptions and set of widely accepted definitions. The degree of certainty that mathematics has is incomparable to other areas of knowledge[5].

Natural sciences

Natural sciences seek to discover the laws of nature, the regularities that occur in the natural world. The methods of natural sciences are based on the observation of the world as a means of testing hypotheses[6].

History

The field of knowledge that examine the past is history. History tries to find answers to questions about how certain and with what accuracy historical facts are confirmed[7].

The Arts

The arts is defined as a collective concept that includes the literary arts, the performing arts and the visual arts. Art also deals with the creative processes of people. The art is an important element of culture. It creates a kind of bridge between personal and shared knowledge[8].

Ethics

The key issue in ethical discussions is whether we can really know if something is moral. Subject to examination is the issue of moral principles, is it a matter of observing the rules, or whether moral principles really exist, whether moral principles should ever be infracted, and if so, under what circumstances[9].

Knowledge framework[edit]

An effective way to study large areas of knowledge is to use the knowledge framework[10].

The following elements can be researched for each area of knowledge[11]:

  • scope, motivation and applications
  • specific terminology and concepts
  • methods used to produce knowledge
  • key historical developments
  • interaction with personal knowledge


Scope/applications

This element tries to examine the ratio of the scope of a given area of knowledge to all human knowledge. It is also responsible for studying the scope related to the definition of areas of knowledge referring to the concept of the subject and the shape that areas of knowledge adopt in terms of the degree of problems they are trying to solve.

Concepts/language

These element explores how to use language to produce knowledge in each area.

The important thing is that in addition to transmitting non-verbal knowledge, the language used is knowledge itself.

The language enables the transfer of knowledge to others and gathering it in time for future generations. We can talk about the so-called sharing of knowledge. It is important that it can be passed between people in space and time. Considerable part of the current knowledge is not new, but it was passed from the past or from other parts of the regions of the world.

Methods used to produce knowledge

The methods are important differences between the areas of knowledge. An important part in the methodology are values and assumptions. For example, natural sciences create knowledge by applying experiments or testing hypotheses.

Historical development

Areas of knowledge are defined as dynamic because they change with the progress in methodology and the development of the concept. Thanks to them, systems become more flexible and able to respond to changes. Knowledge can therefore be described as temporary.

Personal knowledge

There are connections and interactions between shared and personal knowledge. One of the goals of shared knowledge is to enable individuals to understand the world[12].

Employee's competencies and professional profile

Relations between universities and the labor market should be interrelated. They should create a combination of theory and practice to meet the requirements of employers and society[13].

An important issue related to areas of knowledge are the Indigenous knowledge systems. They are study local knowledge unique to a given culture or society. As a result of internal and external influences they are very dynamic. When researching local knowledge systems, it is important to study communication methods, decision processes, thinking processes.(2011, p. 1–10)[14].

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Markus, L. M. (2001)
  2. Markus, L. M. (2001)
  3. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  4. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  5. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  6. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  7. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  8. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  9. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Amorim, M., Jonker, G., & Flores, M. A. (2012)
  10. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Flores, M. A., Marinho-Araujo C., Rabelo M. (2015)
  11. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Flores, M. A., Marinho-Araujo C., Rabelo M. (2015)
  12. Lima, R. M., Mesquita, D., Flores, M. A., Marinho-Araujo C., Rabelo M. (2015)
  13. Fox H. E., Mascia M. B. and others (2011)
  14. Fox H. E., Mascia M. B. and others (2011)

Author: Daria Ziętara