Barcode

Barcode
See also


Barcodes (also known as bar codes) - this is a graphical representation of numbers, characters and letters with dark and light boxes. Their main task is to read information through a code reader.

Advantages of bar codes:

  • enable automatic loading of information
  • automatic identification of various types of products in storage, transport and commodity science
  • accuracy of data recording
  • positive impact on capital and inventory management
  • speed of entering, reading and processing data
  • improve documentation and billing
  • streamlines the erase functions
  • more effective transaction execution
  • accelerated customer service

Types of barcodes[edit]

Division of codes by dimensionality:


  • One-dimensional bar codes (linear, 1D) - information is contained on one line, usually in the form of bars.
  • Two-dimensional two bar codes - information stored in several lines, one below the other.
  • Barcodes Two-dimensional matrix - the information is written on the surface of the package in a form other than lines.
  • Complex barcodes - a mix of one-dimensional and two-dimensional codes.
  • Three-dimensional barcodes - extruded one-dimensional codes. Their depth is used to read them.


Breakdown by stroke width:

  • Codes with one stroke width
  • Codes with two line widths
  • Codes with many strokes widths (modular)


Breakdown by type of coded symbols:

  • Numeric - only digits in the decimal system are coded
  • Alphanumeric - the digits and other characters of the ASCII code are encoded, sometimes also characters appearing in some alphabets


Breakdown by code continuity (not applicable to matrix codes):

  • Continuous codes - there are no gaps between coded characters
  • Discrete codes - there are spaces between coded characters


Breakdown by number of coded characters:

  • Codes with a strictly defined number of coded characters (fixed length)
  • Codes with a different number of coded characters (variable length)


Breakdown according to the adopted method of verification of read data:

  • Self-check codes - some error checking procedures are implemented in the code construction
  • Codes with a control character (eg with a check digit)
  • Self-check codes that contain an additional check mark


Country or region barcodes[edit]

Country or region codes
000-139 USA & Canada 20-29 Goods weighed in supermarkets 300-379 France
383 Slovenia 380 Bulgaria 385 Croatia
387 Bosnia-Herzegovina 40-44 Germany 45 Japan (also 49)
46 Russian Federation 470 Kyrgyzstan 474 Estonia
475 Latvia 476 Azerbaijan 477 Lithuania
478 Uzbekistan 479 Sri Lanka 480 Philippines
481 Belarus 482 Ukraine 484 Moldova
485 Armenia 486 Georgia 487 Kazakhstan
489 Hong Kong 49 Japan (JAN-13) 50 Great Britain
520 Greece 528 Lebanon 529 Cyprus
531 Macedonia 535 Malta 539 Ireland
54 Belgium & Luxembourg 560 Portugal 569 Iceland
57 Denmark 590 Poland 594 Romania
599 Hungary 600 & 601 South Africa 608 Bahrain
609 Mauritius 611 Morocco 613 Algeria
621 Syria 622 Egypt 624 Libya
625 Jordan 626 Iran 627 Kuwait
628 Saudi Arabia 64 Finland 690-692 China
70 Norway 729 Israel 73 Sweden
740 Guatemala 741 El Salvador 742 Honduras
743 Nicaragua 744 Costa Rica 745 Panama
746 Dominican Republic 750 Mexico 759 Venezuela
76 Switzerland 770 Colombia 773 Uruguay
775 Peru 777 Bolivia 779 Argentina
780 Chile 784 Paraguay 786 Ecuador
789-790 Brazil 80 - 83 Italy 84 Spain
850 Kuba 858 Slovakia 859 Czech Republic
860 Yugoslavia 867 North Korea 867 North Korea
869 Turkey 87 The Netherlands 880 South Korea
885 Thailand 888 Singapore 890 India
893 Vietnam 899 Indonesia 90 & 91 Austria
94 New Zealand 950 EAN - IDA 955 Malaysia
958 Macao 619 Tunisia 978 International Standard Book Numbering (ISBN)
979 International Standard Music Number (ISMN) 980 Refund receipts 981 & 982 Common Currency Coupons
977 International Standard Serial Number for Periodicals (ISSN) 99 Coupons -

References[edit]

Author: Natalia Wróblewska