"The e-HUB software architecture design strategy, from a business perspective, was to lower the costs related to its implementation in order to provide a reasonable price for the e-services to the SMEs. This goal was reached thanks to an intelligent combination of open source technologies that made possible designing an affordable software architecture by integrating the following technologies: corporate portals, Enterprise Architecture Integration (EAI) and Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), Workflows andBusiness Process Management (BPM)."(D. Concha, J. Espadas., D. Romero, A. Molina 2010, p.2)
From point of view of Steven Kaplan and Mohambir Sawhney there are four categories of e-hubs (2000, s. 98):
- MRO hubs- horizontal market within systematic sourcing of operating inputs is included
- Yield managers- horizontal markets in which spot sourcing of operating inputs is included
- Exchanges- vertical markets that include spot sourcing of operating inputs
- Catalog hubs- vertical markets in which systematic sourcing of operating inputs is included
Advantages of e-hubs
According to R. Corchuelo e- hub has flexible both usage and pricing features. Capability of instant access provides for company ways to connect and take advantages of outsourced appications in case they need them. Companies pay for what they use; it is called pay-as-you-go pricing model (2003, p.36).
There is also one more advantages of using e- hubs. "...e- Hub is shared, standarised, scalable infrastructure so that a virtual or private e-hub can be bulit on the managed infrastured e hub infrastructure fondation. These virtual hubs can share the horizontal services and virtual industry application, and even value-added services hosted by the e- Hub" (R. Corchuelo 2003 s. 36).
From the buyer's side there is also big advantege: participating in e- hub may reduce costs of transaction, icrease spirit of competitiveness inside e-hub (results: lower prices) and reduce cost of purchasing search (W. L. Wallace, Y. Xia, 2015, p.154).
According to C.C. Lu, K.M. Tsai, J.H. Chen and W.T. Lee „E-Hub interfaces with (…) Enterprise Information Systems (ERP) and Customer Relationship Management (CRM), through a database management system (DBMS), which ensures data format compatibility between the EISs and the E-Hub and extracts the latest data (e.g., inventory and forecasts) from the EISs. The hub regularly talks to the DBMS, to ensure information consistency between internal (at A-KH) and externaldatabases (at E-Hub).”( 2013, p. 205)
- Chen J.H, Lee W.T., Lu C.C. , Tsai K.M. (2013) Mitigating the Bullwhip Effect in the Supply Chain of Semiconductor Assembly and testing through an inter-busieness information platform, "International Journal of Electronic Business Management", vol. 11, no.3
- Corhuelo R. (2003) Technology supporting business solutions, Nova Science Publ., New York
- Concha D., Espadas J., Molina A., Romera D.(2010) The e-HUB Evolution: From a Custom Software Architecture to a Software-as-a-Service Implementation Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey & Ciudad de México, Mexico
- Kaplan S., Sawhney M. (2000) E-hubs: The New B2B Marketplaces, Harvard Business Review, May- June, Cambridge
- Ling L. (2007) Supply chain management: concepts, techniques and practices enhancing the value through collaboration, World Scientific Pub Co Inc, Singapore
- Wallace L. W., Xia Y. (2015) Delivering customer value through procurement and strategic sourcing : a professional guide to creating a sustainable supply network, Pearson Education, New Jersey
Author: Dominika Kuraś