Integrated management system
|Integrated management system|
The concept of integrated company management systems (so-called transaction systems) is widely used by IT system manufacturers that are used to support various processes in enterprises. Thanks to such systems it is possible to efficiently register and process current events in the company and access to information in real time.
We can distinguish three basic components of integrated management systems:
Areas of integration
Nowadays, the main modules of IT systems supporting business management are:
- accounting and finance,
- warehouse and sale,
- personnel management,
Often, manufacturers expand the functionality of the offered systems with modules:
- advanced reports and statistics,
- document circulation,
- customer relationship management ( CRM ),
- design, business processes and others.
Examples of applications supporting company management
- SAP R / 3
- Oracle Applications
Open Source solutions:
The main features of integrated management systems
The distinctive aspects that distinguish integrated management systems are, among others:
- the aforementioned multi-modularity,
- uniform user interface,
- access to the system from many places,
- no administration costs,
- one-time data input - then only updates to it,
- system security,
- no purchase and upgrade costs.
In addition to numerous improvements brought by transactional systems, you can not pass by the difficulties they generate. The main problem is often a large number of files and data stored in them . As a result, it means that hardly anyone in the company really knows their content. In addition, often not very clear structure of databases is understandable only for its creators. Another weak point of the management systems is the form and manner of data processing. It is convenient for keeping records, but not for analyzes.
- Jørgensen, T. H., Remmen, A., & Mellado, M. D. (2006). Integrated management systems–three different levels of integration. Journal of cleaner production, 14(8), 713-722.
- Widom, J. (2004). Trio: A system for integrated management of data, accuracy, and lineage. Stanford InfoLab.
- Asif, M., de Bruijn, E. J., Fisscher, O. A., Searcy, C., & Steenhuis, H. J. (2009). Process embedded design of integrated management systems. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 26(3), 261-282.