Management as science
|Management as science|
The focus of the science of organization and management is different than other forms of organized human activities. Its purpose is to initiate research and the integration of cognitive achievements, methodological, organizational and technical developments in the organization.
Functions of management science
- diagnostic, if the aim of the research conducted in the framework of this discipline is the study of fragments of reality - in this case the organization (company, enterprise) - which is the subject of its interest,
- explanatory - the research focuses on explaining the relationship between the characteristics of organized human activities and their changes, for demonstrating the correctness of the changes, their functional, structural and causal relationships,
- prognostic, also called projection, where the attention of researchers is directed to detect dependencies and organizational trends that can be used to transform reality.
General methodology of managerial science
The general methodology of management involves various areas:
- management process analysis,
- business planning and organization theory,
- organizational structures,
- methods of organization and management,
- decision making,
- organizational control,
- analysis of the effectiveness of management.
Science of management specific areas
Specific areas of management science are:
- strategic management,
- operational research,
- logistics management,
- quality management,
- human resource management,
- organizational behaviour,
- management of change,
- research and development,
- knowledge management,
- innovation management,
- communication management,
- information management,
- financial management,
- marketing management,
- project management,
- risk management,
- and others.
- Cole, G. A. (2004). Management theory and practice]. Cengage Learning EMEA.
- Drucker, P. F. (1959). Long-range planning-challenge to management science. Management science, 5(3), 238-249.
- Likert, R. (1967). The human organization: its management and values.
- Pidd, M. (2009). Tools for thinking; modelling in management science. John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
- Taylor, F. W. (1914). The principles of scientific management. Harper.
Author: Krzysztof Wozniak