Level of awareness
|Level of awareness|
|Methods and techniques|
According to S. Freud there are 3 levels of awareness distinguished:
In other classification psychology describes following levels:
- Level 0: Confusion
- Level 1: Differentiation
- Level 2: Situation
- Level 3: Identification
- Level 4: Permanence
- Level 5: Self-consciousness or ‘‘meta’’ self-awareness
In learning of new skills we can distinguish:
- Mass - following the crowd
- Aspiration - to do own work
- Individual - capability to do work
- Discipline - motivation to do work
There is no single meaning of the word consciousness. Speaking about the consciousness of the patient, the doctor means his consciousness in the context of vigilance. It is believed that it changes constantly from coma to all consciousness. All moments are connected by one we have a limited amount of information that we consciously use. We express it through spoken words to a given context or body movement.(S. Dehaene, p. Changeux 2011,200)
The human actions taken are to lead them to implement the plans. Behaviorists believe that people are able to reach the goal without worrying about action. According to them, awareness is the first point of pursuing a goal. The decision is the most important thing in taking action. This means that this decision has been followed by action. New discoveries indicate that awareness of decisions is not the cause of action. They say that some activities are done for unconscious purposes.
People feel that they have influence on what they do and what they want. This knowledge gives people the opportunity to imagine alternative life. We have an influence on how we spend our time, we only need to take a decision and act in this direction. How we behave seems to have a source in informed decisions. Researchers conducted studies that show us that it is different. They conducted an experiment in which the subjects could choose the time when they move their index finger. Researchers measured the time of movement, brain preparation and time in which action was taken. It was discovered that the decision was before action. However, finger movement was planned by the brain for conscious action. When a person deliberately sets a goal that requires e.g. body movement, the decision begins in the unconscious. (R. Custers, H. Aarts 2010,2)
According to Freud, we have two types of unconsciousness. A hidden which can turn into a conscious and muffled which, thanks to the normal method, can not be revealed. On the second level of the unconscious we speak the Preconscious. It is this hidden part of the unconscious. It is a representative of memory. People do not know what is hiding in Preconscious. We have the opportunity to move them to consciousness whenever we want. When we drive a car, we are not aware of all the things that are happening around us. With the help of peripheral vision, which has a similar effect to Preconscious we complete our awareness. It gives us the opportunity to use the data that is around us to make our ride safe.(W. Siegfried 2014,2)
Level of awareness among university staff
More and more people use social networking sites. This is a new phenomenon in the world. What is the impact on university staff? Employees who teach for a long time and those who have a shorter work period do not indicate significant differences in awareness. The level of lecturers' awareness does not differ in faculties. So do those who teach full-time and partly have the same level of awareness. It may seem that lecturers who teach online will have a higher level of awareness of social networking sites. However, even in this field there are no particular differences.(M. Moran, J. Seaman, H.Tinti-Kane 2011, 9)
- Cope, J. (2003). Entrepreneurial learning and critical reflection: Discontinuous events as triggers for ‘higher-level’learning. Management learning, 34(4), 429-450.
- S. Dehaene, J. Changeux. (2011). Experimental and Theoretical Approaches to Conscious Processing. Neuron 70, 200-227, p. 200.
- R. Custers, H. Aarts. (2010). The Unconscious Will: How the Pursuit of Goals Operates Outside of Conscious Awareness. Science 329, p. 2.
- W. Siegfried. (2014). The Formation and Structure of the Human Psyche.Athene Noctua: Undergraduate Philosophy Journal Issue No. 2, p. 2.
- M. Moran, J. Seaman, H. Tinti-Kane. (2011). Teaching, Learning, and Sharing: How Today’s Higher Education Faculty Use Social Media. Pearson Learning Solutions and Babson Survey Research Group, p. 9-10.
Author: Aneta Suder