Workplace design

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Workplace and job design is the definition of employee responsibility for the work carried out by him. Job descriptions are essential components of any organization. They are determined by: the area of freedom of action and the area of freedom of decision. Job design is part of a wider set of actions, which defines process of organizing.

Design approach

There are several different approaches to the job design. They can be divided into two groups: job specialization and alternatives to specialization.


Job specialization is the extent to which the general operation of the organization will be divided into smaller components. This is a limitation of the scope of freedom of action and freedom of decision and control. Specialization applies to both operational and managerial positions. The most important benefits of specialization are:

  • improved performance of actions
  • elimination of counter-productive time associated with switching between different actions,
  • possibility to use more specialized work tools,
  • reduction in the cost of training new employees.

Beside the advantages flowing from the implementation of the specialization, there are also some disadvantages of this solution, which include:

  • alienation,
  • work-related fatigue,
  • dissatisfaction with work,
  • dispersion and difficulty with coordination.