Innovative research

Innovative research
Primary topic
Related topics
Methods and techniques

Innovative research is a search for new business and strategic techniques and methods. They develop and optimize well-known methodologies, enabling the implementation of new and better solutions[1].

Innovative research focuses on creating new ideas, analyzing problems, diagnosing them and identifying their causes[2].

Innovative research creates new business solutions, strategies, technologies and processes. They implement and observe modern, improved strategies, set research hypotheses and develop a methodology of key research objectives. Innovative research to the increase of effectiveness, increase of product quality and reduction of production costs. They focuses on optimizing manufacturing processes and creating new product ideas[3].

Innovation process[edit]

Innovative research is the first element of the innovation process and the following stages can be distinguished in the linear model of the innovation process:

  • Basic research - concerns theoretical considerations, which aim is to create new ideas,
  • Applied research - refers to finding practical solutions for the created projects,
  • Development work - leads to the creation of a prototype,
  • Implementation - consists in starting production activity in order to check the production technology,
  • Production - start of production,
  • Sales - start of sales.

Research and development centres[edit]

The basic activity of research and development centres is research and design, implementation and service activities. The other two groups play an auxiliary role for the proper functioning of the basic activity or serve the function of servicing some areas of production activity. For example, the auxiliary tasks in R&D activity in enterprises include the creation of industrial design, documentation design, analysis, research and analysis.

Characteristics of R&D centres[edit]

The whole research and development base, both domestic and foreign, can be divided into[4]:

  • Various types of industrial research centres (scientific and technical), research and development centres (OBR) and project centres,
  • Subdivisions and organisational units of enterprises, such as: development departments, design offices, experimental plants, laboratories,
  • Special institutes operating outside and beyond enterprises, serving entire sectors and fulfilling orders from selected industries, groups of enterprises and industry as a whole,
  • Independent research and development units (JBR) engaged in scientific-technical, design and construction activities, the results of which are made available only to interested companies (commercial activities) against payment,
  • Research and development units operating at the level of specific economic organisations, e.g. capital groups.

Research and design activities[edit]

The core business of industrial research and development centres is:

  • research on the state of technology and its development directions,
  • design of new products,
  • modernization of manufactured products,
  • research into purity and patentability,
  • the use of new unused or improved raw and improved materials,
  • continuous improvement of technological processes used in production,
  • development of new production technologies,
  • elimination of unnecessary or harmful production waste,
  • researching own prototypes and new products of competing companies,
  • gathering and deepening knowledge in a given field of production[5].

Apart from the basic activity closely related to the innovative undertaking, R&D centres should also deal with it:

  • conducting studies and pre-decision studies (diagnostic and forecasting) related to the needs of production, marketing and strategic planning,
  • acquiring, gathering and generating ideas and concepts for new innovative products (including inventions) and precise preparation of concepts and designs of new products (opinions, analyses, evaluation and selection of projects, etc.),
  • providing opinions on technical projects submitted by employees of enterprises,
  • evaluation and selection of technical projects before their implementation into production,
  • conducting basic research (usually to a minimum extent).

Particular importance in obtaining new information that may be a source of opportunities for innovation in the future is attributed to systematic research on the current state of the art and its development directions, as well as research on purity and patentability[6].

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. J. Audet,G.d'Amboise(2001),s.1-18
  2. J. Audet,G.d'Amboise(2001),s.1-18
  3. J. Audet,G.d'Amboise(2001),s.1-18
  4. T.H. Rubin,T.H. Aas (2015),s.11-24,41-41
  5. T.H. Rubin,T.H.Aas (2015),s.11-24,41-41
  6. G.Symon,C.Cassell (2000),s.457-462

Author: Nicoletta Krzewińska