Functions of production management

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Functions of production management
See also

Functions of production management - the most important functions of production management are: planning (forecasting), organizing (shaping), managing (by the leader) and controlling (verifying)[1]. A concept closely related to the production process, specifies the rules that are necessary to produce goods in accordance with specific goals and assumptions.

Basic and most important functions:

  • Planning (function from which begins the production process. Specifies the tasks which shall be fulfilled to create a product or service. Should be analysed the current conditions and predict any changes, assign tasks and determine the goals which we want to achieve, estimate human and technical resources, but above all, financial resources, determine the time of the implementation plan)
  • Organizing (function which consists of sorting out tasks to perform, assigning them to employees that way to avoid possible interruptions in the production process, making sure that the space to perform tasks is appropriate- good positioning of devices and machines, establishing of a production manager who will manage employees, ensuring an efficient and understandable way of providing information)
  • Managing (function performed by the manager or production director, who must demonstrate appropriate features and competences, for example, gain the authority and recognition of employees, be confident and resistant to stress, motivate their employees and be an example for them[2])
  • Controlling (function which rely on verifying a specific tasks and checking that were properly performed and were achieved an intended goals and detection of possible errors to improve the production process in the future)

Management of production

Management of production is:

  • Developing the project of the future product (creating a concept for introducing a new product to the market through the use of appropriate technologies[3])
  • Constructing of product (selection of material for a new product, development of its appearance and shape)
  • Choosing the relevant technology (it is important to choose the relevant equipment and devices necessary to create a new product from raw materials to save time and energy costs)
  • Organizing of production (deploying of machines and equipment, selection of employees who will be responsible for the tasks entrusted to them)
  • Choosing the suppliers (searching for suppliers who will provide in accordance to plan high-quality raw materials at a low price)


Production is the basic element of functioning the company but also the whole economy, through a series of activities aimed to producing good quality products which meet the needs of society. There are three types of production:

  • The unit production (type of production in which are produced only special and unique products for which there are not much requirement on the market. Its generates high cost of production because their production requires a lot of time and machines and devices are used in a small way)
  • The series production (type of production which characterized by manufacture the products in the same way. At a specific time a series of products are produced and after a completion this, production is stopped until the next order. This kind of production is used in companies that know what is the size of the order and know how many products they must produce. This type of production helps to save a time and minimizes costs of production)
  • The mass production (it characterized by repeatability and continuity of work. After complete processing product, the next product immediately move on the workstations because it must be always transferred and adjusted between next workstations. When its located close together, this help and accelerates transport. Mass production characterized by a large size of production on the product concerned, inalterability of product, special machines and devices so a large number of employees are not necessary)



  1. Wren D. A., Bedeian A. G. (2008)
  2. Cosse T. J., Swan J. E. (1983)
  3. Koskela L. (2000)

Author: Justyna Chłopek